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• ### Rates of convergence in a central limit theorem for stochastic processes defined by differential equations with a small parameter

1992

Let μ be a positive finite Borel measure on the real line R. For t ≥ 0 let et · E1 and E2 denote, respectively, the linear spans in L2(R, μ) of {eisx, s > t} and {eisx, s < 0}. Let θ: R → C such that ∥θ∥ = 1, denote by αt(θ, μ) the angle between θ · et · E1 and E2. The problems considered here...

• ### Strong Convergence in the Stochastic Averaging Principle.

1994

In this note we consider the almost sure convergence (as ϵ→0) of solution Xϵ(·), defined over the interval 0 ≤ τ ≤ 1, of the random ordinary differential equation View the MathML source Here {F(x, t, ω), t ≥ 0} is a strong mixing process for each x and (x, t) → F(x, t, ω) is subject to regularity...

• ### A law of the iterated logarithm for stochastic processes defined by differential equations with a small parameter

1994

Consider the following random ordinary differential equation: X˙ϵ(τ)=F(Xϵ(τ),τ/ϵ,ω)subject toXϵ(0)=x0, where {F(x,t,ω),t≥0} are stochastic processes indexed by x in Rd, and the dependence on x is sufficiently regular to ensure that the equation has a unique solution Xϵ(τ,ω) over the interval...

• ### Strong approximation for cross-covariances of linear variables with long-range dependence.

1995

Suppose {εk, −∞ < k < ∞} is an independent, not necessarily identically distributed sequence of random variables, and {cj}∞j=0, {dj}∞j=0 are sequences of real numbers such that Σjc2j < ∞, Σjd2j < ∞. Then, under appropriate moment conditions on {εk, −∞ < k < ∞}, View the MathML source, View the...

• ### Ecological chaos in the wake of invasion.

1995-01-01

Irregularities in observed population densities have traditionally been attributed to discretization of the underlying dynamics. We propose an alternative explanation by demonstrating the evolution of spatiotemporal chaos in reaction-diffusion models for predator-prey interactions. The chaos is...

• ### Dispersal, Population Growth, and the Allee Effect: Dynamics of the House Finch Invasion of Eastern North America

1996-01-01

Since about 1940, when they were first released in the new York City area, house finches (Carpodacus mexicanus) have multiplied explosively and colonized much of eastern North America. We take advantage of the richly detailed documentation of this biological invasion to construct a mathematical...

• ### Averaging for Fundamental Solutions of Parabolic Equations.

1997

Herein, an averaging theory for the solutions to Cauchy initial value problems of arbitrary order,ε-dependent parabolic partial differential equations is developed. Indeed, by directly developing bounds between the derivatives of the fundamental solution to such an equation and derivatives of the...

• ### Invariance Principles for Parabolic Equations with Random Coefficients

1997

A general Hilbert-space-based stochastic averaging theory is brought forth herein for arbitrary-order parabolic equations with (possibly long range dependent) random coefficients. We use regularity conditions onView the MathML sourcewhich are slightly stronger than those required to prove...

• ### Allee effects, invasion pinning, and species' borders

2001-01-01

All species’ ranges are the result of successful past invasions. Thus, models of species’ invasions and their failure can provide insight into the formation of a species’ geographic range. Here, we study the properties of invasion models when a species cannot persist below a critical population...

• ### The Mechanics of Lung Tissue under High-Frequency Ventilation

2001-01-01

High-frequency ventilation isa radical departure from conventional lung ventilation, with frequenciesgreater than 2Hz, and volumesp er breath much smaller than the anatomical deadspace. Its use has been shown to benefit premature infants and patients with severe respiratory distress, but a vital...

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