Journal Articles (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
Items in this Collection
- 71Gänzle, Michael G.
- 40Field, Catherine J.
- 31Chen, Guanqun
- 29Stothard, Paul
- 24Weselake, Randall J.
- 21Proctor, Spencer D.
The gut microbiome and its potential role in the development and function of newborn calf gastrointestinal tractDownload
A diverse microbial population colonizes the sterile mammalian gastrointestinal tract during and after the birth. There is increasing evidence that this complex microbiome plays a crucial role in the development of the mucosal immune system and influences newborn health. Microbial colonization is...
The intestine and the gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) are essential components of whole body immune defense, protecting the body from foreign antigens and pathogens, while allowing tolerance to commensal bacteria and dietary antigens. The requirement for protein to support the immune system...
The intestinal microbiota plays a role in Salmonella-induced colitis independent of pathogen colonizationDownload
The intestinal microbiota is composed of hundreds of species of bacteria, fungi and protozoa and is critical for numerous biological processes, such as nutrient acquisition, vitamin production, and colonization resistance against bacterial pathogens. We studied the role of the intestinal...
The isolation and characterization of two Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bacteriophages capable of cross-taxonomic order infectivityDownload
Background A rapid worldwide increase in the number of human infections caused by the extremely antibiotic resistant bacterium Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is prompting alarm. One potential treatment solution to the current antibiotic resistance dilemma is “phage therapy”, the clinical...
The locus of heat resistance (LHR) mediates heat resistance in Salmonella enterica, Escherichia coli and Enterobacter cloacaeDownload
Enterobacteriaceae comprise food spoilage organisms as well as food-borne pathogens including Escherichia coli. Heat resistance in E. coli was attributed to a genomic island called the locus of heat resistance (LHR). This genomic island is also present in several other genera of...
Kefir is a complex fermented dairy product created through the symbiotic fermentation of milk by lactic acid bacteria and yeasts contained within an exopolysaccharide and protein complex called a kefir grain. As with other fermented dairy products, kefir has been associated with a range of health...
The modifying effects of galactomannan of Canadian-grown fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L) on the glycemic and lipidemic staus in ratsDownload
Using high sucrose-fed male Sprague-Dawley rats, a study was conducted to determine the effects of feeding Galactomannan (GAL), a soluble dietary fiber extracted from Canadian-grown fenugreek seeds, on blood lipid and glucose responses. Rats (n = 8, 175–200 g) were randomly assigned to one of...
Plant hormones regulate virtually all aspects of plant growth and development, as well as plant responses to biotic and abiotic signals. Herein, we discuss three hormone groups, gibberellins, auxin and ethylene. These plant hormones influence seed germination, root, stem and leaf growth,...
The potential of genome editing for improving seed oil content and fatty acid composition in oilseed cropsDownload
A continuous rise in demand for vegetable oils, which comprise mainly the storage lipid triacylglycerol, is fueling a surge in research efforts to increase seed oil content and improve fatty acid composition in oilseed crops. Progress in this area has been achieved using both conventional...
The prevalence and determinants of use of vitamin D supplements among children in Alberta, Canada: A cross-sectional studyDownload
Background Limited cutaneous synthesis due to low sun exposure and inadequate dietary intake makes vitamin D supplementation a necessity for many Canadian children. Identification of the factors associated with supplement use is necessary for public health awareness campaigns, but they have not...