Journal Articles (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
Items in this Collection
- 3Chakrabarti, Subhadeep
- 3Proctor, Spencer D.
- 3Wu, Jianping
- 2AlZahal, Ousama
- 2Dionissopoulos, Louis
- 2Field, Catherine J.
A characterization of inflammatory and structural markers within the rumen epithelium during grain-induced ruminal acidosis in lactating dairy cattleDownload
The objective of this study was to characterize the mRNA and protein expression of inflammatory and structural genes in the rumen epithelium during grain-induced ruminal acidosis in lactating dairy cattle. A total of 16 rumen-fistulated, lactating Holstein dairy cattle (618±35 kg of body weight,...
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) such as myocardial infarction and stroke are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Impairment of the normal vasorelaxant functions of the vascular endothelium, termed endothelial dysfunction; appear to underlie the pathogenesis of CVD. Endothelial...
Boutin, Hervé, Crossman, David, Smigova, Alison, Drake, Caroline, Allan, Stuart M., Francis, Sheila, Gerhard, Alexander, Jones, Matthew S., Hinz, Rainer, Kassiou, Michael, Hopkins, Stephen J., Vail, Andy, Herholz, Karl, Tyrrell, Pippa J., Selvarajah, Johann R., Rothwell, Nancy J., Julyan, Peter, Georgiou, Rachel F., Brown, Gavin, Maroy, Renaud, Denes, Adam, Russell, James C., Proctor, Spencer D., McColl, Barry W., Prenant, Christian, Hulme, Sharon
Chronic systemic inflammatory conditions, such as atherosclerosis, diabetes and obesity are associated with increased risk of stroke, which suggests that systemic inflammation may contribute to the development of stroke in humans. The hypothesis that systemic inflammation may induce brain...
Butyrate-mediated genomic changes involved in the non-specific host defenses, matrix remodelling and the immune response in the rumen epithelium of cows afflicted with subacute ruminal acidosisDownload
Subacute Ruminal Acidosis (SARA) is a disorder in cattle which can lead to chronic inflammation in the rumen epithelium, known as rumenitis. Butyrate has been shown to attenuate some of the detrimental effects of inflammatory gastroenteral disorders but the molecular mechanisms mediated by...
Chemically defined diet alters the protective properties of fructo-oligosaccharides and isomalto-oligosaccharides in HLA-B27 transgenic ratsDownload
Non-digestible oligosaccharides (NDO) were shown to reduce inflammation in experimental colitis, but it remains unclear whether microbiota changes mediate their colitis-modulating effects. This study assessed intestinal microbiota and intestinal inflammation after feeding chemically defined...
Comparative variation within the genome of Campylobacter jejuni NCTC 11168 in human and murine hostsDownload
Campylobacteriosis incited by C. jejuni is a significant enteric disease of human beings. A person working with two reference strains of C. jejuni National Collection of Type Cultures (NCTC) 11168 developed symptoms of severe enteritis including bloody diarrhea. The worker was determined to be...
Effects of aerobic training on the host systemic milieu in patients with solid tumors: An exploratory correlative studyDownload
Stevens, Robert D., Courneya, Kerry S., Inman, Brant A., Muehlbauer, Michael, Nelson, Erik R., Jasper, Jeff, Field, Catherine J., Jones, Lee W., Glass, Oliver K., Bain, James R., Broadwater, Gloria, Goruk, Susan, Hirschey, Matthew D., Mackey, John R.
background: Few studies have investigated the effects of exercise on modulation of host factors in cancer patients. We investigated the efficacy of chronic aerobic training on multiple host-related effector pathways in patients with solid tumours. patients and methods: Paired peripheral blood...
Background There is a growing interest in using functional food components as therapy for cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension. We have previously characterized a tri-peptide IRW (Ile-Arg-Trp) from egg white protein ovotransferrin; this peptide showed anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and...
Intravaginal lactic acid bacteria modulated local and systemic immune responses and lowered the incidence of uterine infections in periparturient dairy cowsDownload
The objective of this investigation was to evaluate whether intravaginal infusion of a lactic acid bacteria (LAB) cocktail around parturition could influence the immune response, incidence rate of uterine infections, and the overall health status of periparturient dairy cows. One hundred pregnant...
Milk-derived tripeptides IPP (Ile-Pro-Pro) and VPP (Val-Pro-Pro) promote adipocyte differentiation and inhibit inflammation in 3T3-F442A cellsDownload
Milk derived tripeptides IPP (Ile-Pro-Pro) and VPP (Val-Pro-Pro) have shown promise as anti-hypertensive agents due to their inhibitory effects on angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE). Due to the key inter-related roles of hypertension, chronic inflammation and insulin resistance in the...