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- 9Natural Language Processing
- 3Artificial Intelligence
- 3Machine Learning
- 2Question Answering
- 1Hauer, Bradley
- 1Liu, Yifeng
- 1Najafi, Saeed
- 1Nicolai, Garrett J
- 1Pelletier, Francis J.
- 1Pinchak, Christopher
Answer typing is an important aspect of the question answering process. Most commonly addressed with the use of a fixed set of possible answer classes via question classification, answer typing influences which answers will ultimately be selected as correct. Answer typing introduces the concept...
Algorithmic decipherment is a prime example of a truly unsupervised problem. This thesis presents several algorithms developed for the purpose of decrypting unknown alphabetic scripts representing unknown languages. We assume that symbols in scripts which contain no more than a few dozen unique...
This work is concerned with the problem of extracting structured information networks from a text corpus. The nodes of the network are recognizable entities, typically people, locations, or organizations, while the edges denote relations among such entities. We use state-of-the-art natural...
Introduction: We describe an approach to parsing and logical translation that was inspired by Gazdar's work on context-free grammar for English. Each grammar rule consists of a syntactic part that specifies an acceptable fragment of a parse tree, and a semantic part that specifies how the logical...
Inflectional morphology presents numerous problems for traditional computational models, not least of which is an increase in the number of rare types in any corpus. Although few annotated corpora exist for morphologically complex languages, it is possible for lay-speakers of the language to...
Morphologically complex languages such as Arabic pose several challenges in Natural Language Processing (NLP) due to their complexity and token sparsity. Most techniques approach the problem by transforming the words of the language from their sparse surface form representation to a less sparse...
The field of biomedicine is reeling from “information overload”. Indeed, biomedical researchers find it almost impossible to stay current with published literature due to the vast amounts of data being generated and published. As a result, they are turning to text mining. Over the past two...
Neural approaches to sequence labeling often use a Conditional Random Field (CRF) to model their output dependencies, while Recurrent Neural Networks (RNN) are used for the same purpose in other tasks. We set out to establish RNNs as an attractive alternative to CRFs for sequence labeling. To do...
Information extraction (IE) is one of the most important technologies in the information age. Applying information extraction to text is linked to the prob- lem of text simplification in order to create a structured view of the informa- tion present in free text. However, information extraction...