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- 9Mesenchymal stem cells
- 2Articular cartilage
- 2Islet transplantation
- 1Acute lung injury
- 1Abou Marak Dit Roum, Darine
- 1Bornes, Troy D.
- 1Chen, Chao
- 1Hayward, Julie A
- 1Ionescu, Lavinia Iuliana
- 1Secretan, Charles Coleman
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have immuno-regulatory, anti-inflammatory, and pro-angiogenic properties through the secretion of a myriad of trophic factors, and have been shown to have a beneficial effect on graft function. In this thesis we investigated whether MSCs’ have an effect on neonatal...
Current Issues and Regulations in Tendon Regeneration and Musculoskeletal Repair with Mesenchymal Stem CellsDownload
Mesenchymal stem cells are multipotent stromal cells residing within the connective tissue of most organs. Their surface phenotype has been well described. Most commonly, mesenchymal stem cells demonstrate the ability to differentiate into mesenchymal tissues (bone, catailge, fat, etc...),...
Effects of macrophages and noggin suppression on the BMP-2-induced osteogenesis of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cellsDownload
The osteogenic effects of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) on human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are less profound than expected as compared with rodent cells, and supraphysiological dose of BMP-2 is required to achieve desired clinical outcome. The mechanism for this phenomenon is unclear....
The intricate arrangement and composition of articular cartilage confer the structure its unique material and mechanical properties. Degeneration of articular cartilage, especially osteoarthritis, imposes great burden not only on the patients, but also on society. While there exist various...
Recent discoveries in stem cell biology have generated enthusiasm about the possibility of harnessing stem cells for organ repair and regeneration. The ability of pluri- and multipotent stem cells to differentiate along various cellular lineages has placed them at the core of research that seeks...
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a chronic disorder of glucose metabolism due to autoimmune destruction of insulin producing β-cells. Although insulin therapy is the standard treatment for T1DM, islet transplantation, which has emerged as an alternative to insulin injection, offers a more...
The focus of this thesis work was toward advancing our understanding of the normal and pathological development of the diaphragm. This included: (1) studies of the embryology of the primordial diaphragm tissue, the pleuroperitoneal fold (PPF), as it relates to congenital diaphragmatic hernia...
Articular cartilage injury is a major risk factor for the development of osteoarthritis, a condition that results in significant patient morbidity and substantial cost to the healthcare system. Due to the limited capacity of articular cartilage to regenerate, early intervention is required to...
The role of cultured chondrocytes and mesenchymal stem cells in the repair of acute articular cartilage injuriesDownload
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease that has significant individual, social, and economic impact worldwide. Although many etiologies lead to the eventual development of OA, one potentially treatable cause is the acute articular cartilage (AC) injury. These injuries are common and have a poor...