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Effects of macrophages and noggin suppression on the BMP-2-induced osteogenesis of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells

  • Author / Creator
    Chen, Chao
  • The osteogenic effects of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) on human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are less profound than expected as compared with rodent cells, and supraphysiological dose of BMP-2 is required to achieve desired clinical outcome. The mechanism for this phenomenon is unclear. In this study, we examined the effects of macrophages and noggin suppression on the BMP-2-induced osteogenesis of human bone marrow MSCs in vitro. Our data show that macrophage conditioned medium significantly decreased the migration capacity, metabolic activity and BMP-2-induced osteogenesis of MSCs. In addition, knocking down noggin by small interfering RNA (siRNA) also significantly decreased BMP-2-induced osteogenesis and proliferation of MSCs. In summary, our studies demonstrated that macrophages and knocking down the expression of noggin decreased BMP-2-induced osteogenesis of human MSCs in vitro. In the future, manipulation on macrophage activation and noggin expression may allow us to achieve higher BMP-2-induced osteogenesis that leads to better bone healing.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2011-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3SG97
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Surgery
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Jiang, Hongxing (Surgery)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Uludag, Hasan (Biomedical Engineering, Pharmacy)
    • Wang, Zhixiang (Cell Biology)