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- 3Chakrabarti, Subhadeep
- 3Proctor, Spencer D.
- 3Wu, Jianping
- 2AlZahal, Ousama
- 2Belosevic, M.
- 2Dionissopoulos, Louis
- 23Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of
- 23Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of/Theses and Dissertations
- 15Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, Department of
- 15Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, Department of/Journal Articles (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
- 2Helmholtz-Alberta Initiative
- 2Helmholtz-Alberta Initiative/Journal Articles & Research Abstracts (Helmholtz-Alberta Initiative)
A characterization of inflammatory and structural markers within the rumen epithelium during grain-induced ruminal acidosis in lactating dairy cattleDownload
The objective of this study was to characterize the mRNA and protein expression of inflammatory and structural genes in the rumen epithelium during grain-induced ruminal acidosis in lactating dairy cattle. A total of 16 rumen-fistulated, lactating Holstein dairy cattle (618±35 kg of body weight,...
Altered ganglioside metabolism in inflammatory bowel disease and the impact of dietary ganglioside intakeDownload
Gangliosides are integral to the structure and function of the plasma membrane. Ganglioside composition of the small intestinal brush border membrane and apical surface of the colon influence numerous cell processes including microbial attachment, cell division, differentiation, and signaling....
Crohn’s disease (CD) is one of the chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) with a complex etiology involving genetic factors, priming by enteric microflora, environmental factors and a change in the immune-mediated response, the other IBD is ulcerative colitis. The diagnosis of CD has...
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) such as myocardial infarction and stroke are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Impairment of the normal vasorelaxant functions of the vascular endothelium, termed endothelial dysfunction; appear to underlie the pathogenesis of CVD. Endothelial...
Abstract: Introduction: Partial bladder outlet obstruction (pBOO) is a ubiquitous problem that results in renal damage. We hypothesize that change in the bladder progresses over time. Methods: Fischer rats underwent surgical pBOO for 2, 4, 8, or 13 weeks and were compared to shams. Urodynamic...
Boutin, Hervé, Crossman, David, Smigova, Alison, Drake, Caroline, Allan, Stuart M., Francis, Sheila, Gerhard, Alexander, Jones, Matthew S., Hinz, Rainer, Kassiou, Michael, Hopkins, Stephen J., Vail, Andy, Herholz, Karl, Tyrrell, Pippa J., Selvarajah, Johann R., Rothwell, Nancy J., Julyan, Peter, Georgiou, Rachel F., Brown, Gavin, Maroy, Renaud, Denes, Adam, Russell, James C., Proctor, Spencer D., McColl, Barry W., Prenant, Christian, Hulme, Sharon
Chronic systemic inflammatory conditions, such as atherosclerosis, diabetes and obesity are associated with increased risk of stroke, which suggests that systemic inflammation may contribute to the development of stroke in humans. The hypothesis that systemic inflammation may induce brain...
Butyrate-mediated genomic changes involved in the non-specific host defenses, matrix remodelling and the immune response in the rumen epithelium of cows afflicted with subacute ruminal acidosisDownload
Subacute Ruminal Acidosis (SARA) is a disorder in cattle which can lead to chronic inflammation in the rumen epithelium, known as rumenitis. Butyrate has been shown to attenuate some of the detrimental effects of inflammatory gastroenteral disorders but the molecular mechanisms mediated by...
Chemically defined diet alters the protective properties of fructo-oligosaccharides and isomalto-oligosaccharides in HLA-B27 transgenic ratsDownload
Non-digestible oligosaccharides (NDO) were shown to reduce inflammation in experimental colitis, but it remains unclear whether microbiota changes mediate their colitis-modulating effects. This study assessed intestinal microbiota and intestinal inflammation after feeding chemically defined...
Niemann-Pick Type C (NPC) disease is an autosomal recessive disorder that results in accumulation of unesterified cholesterol in late endosomes/lysosomes (LE/Ls), leading to progressive neurodegeneration and premature death. Microglia are resident immune cells of the central nervous system, which...
Chronic Heart Failure: The Roles of the Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha Axis and Left-Atrial Structural and Functional RemodelingDownload
Heart failure (HF) is a global epidemic, with a substantial burden on healthcare systems. Effective therapies have emerged for patients suffering from HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFREF), but not for those with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF). Recently, systemic inflammation, driven by...