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Bladder outlet obstruction: progression from inflammation to fibrosis

  • Author / Creator
    Metcalfe, Peter
  • Abstract: Introduction: Partial bladder outlet obstruction (pBOO) is a ubiquitous problem that results in renal damage. We hypothesize that change in the bladder progresses over time. Methods: Fischer rats underwent surgical pBOO for 2, 4, 8, or 13 weeks and were compared to shams. Urodynamic measurements were taken, bladders weight and thickness recorded, and tissue analyzed with microscopy. RT-PCR was performed for inflammatory mediators and spectrometry used to quantify collagen. Results: Urodynamics demonstrated an increased capacity and deterioration into high-pressure. H+E demonstrated an initial inflammatory response, and increased mRNA levels of TGF-β, CTGF, HIF-1α, and PDGF. Muscle hypertrophy was evident on H+E and increased bladder mass and thickness. Masson’s Trichrome and mass spectrometry showed an increase in collagen. Conclusion: We believe that this represents distinct phases of bladder decompensation: inflammation, hypertrophy, and fibrosis. This could lead to improved preventative strategies, with respect to biochemical pathways and the time course of their initiation.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2010-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3M887
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Surgery
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Tredget, Edward (Surgery)
    • Moore, Ron (Surgery)
    • Burrell, Robert (Biomedical Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Tredget, Ted (Surgery)
    • Moore, Ron (Surgery)
    • Burrell, Robert (Biomedical Engineering)