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Characterization of Type-2 Diacylglycerol Acyltransferases in the Green Microalga Chromochloris zofingiensisDownload
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) catalyzes the last and committed step of the acyl-CoA-dependent TAG biosynthesis and thus is a key target for manipulating oil production in microalgae. The microalga Chromochloris zofingiensis can accumulate substantial amounts of triacylglycerol (TAG) and...
Engineering Enhanced Performance in Plant Diacylglycerol Acyltransferase and Long-Chain Acyl-CoA SynthetaseDownload
Triacylglycerol (TAG) is the major storage lipid in higher plants and has great nutritional and industrial value. Plant storage lipid biosynthesis involves different subcellular compartments and a complex network of enzymes and proteins. Among them, endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-bound diacylglycerol...
In vivo and in vitro evidence for biochemical coupling of reactions catalyzed by lysophosphatidylcholine acyltransferase and diacyglycerol acyltransferaseDownload
Seed oils of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) and many other plant species contain substantial amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Phosphatidylcholine (PC) is the major site for PUFA synthesis. The exact mechanisms of how these PUFAs are channeled from PC into triacylglycerol (TAG) needs...
Multiple mechanisms contribute to increased neutral lipid accumulation in yeast producing recombinant variants of plant diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1Download
The apparent bottleneck in the accumulation of oil during seed development in some oleaginous plant species is the formation of triacylglycerol (TAG) by the acyl-CoA-dependent acylation of sn-1,2- diacylglycerol catalyzed by diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT, EC 22.214.171.124). Improving DGAT...
Properties and Biotechnological Applications of Acyl‐CoA:diacylglycerol Acyltransferase and Phospholipid:diacylglycerol Acyltransferase from Terrestrial Plants and MicroalgaeDownload
Triacylglycerol (TAG) is the major storage lipid in most terrestrial plants and microalgae, and has great nutritional and industrial value. Since the demand for vegetable oil is consistently increasing, numerous studies have been focused on improving the TAG content and modifying the fatty‐acid...
Substrate preferences of long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase and diacylglycerol acyltransferase contribute to enrichment of flax seed oil with a-linolenic acidDownload
Seed oil from flax (Linum usitatissimum) is enriched in a-linolenic acid (ALA; 18:3?9cis,12cis,15cis), but the biochemical processes underlying the enrichment of flax seed oil with this polyunsaturated fatty acid are not fully elucidated. Here, a potential process involving the catalytic actions...
Substrate preferences of long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase and diacylglycerol acyltransferase contribute to enrichment of flax seed oil with α -linolenic acidDownload
Seed oil from flax ( Linum usitatissimum ) is enriched in α -linolenic acid (ALA; 18:3 Δ 9 cis ,12 cis ,15 cis) but the biochemical processes underlying the enrichment of flax seed oil with this polyunsaturated fatty acid are not fully elucidated. Here, a potential process involving the catalytic...
Type-1 Brassica napus Diacylglycerol Acyltransferases: Enzyme Characterization and Molecular Tools for Increasing Storage Lipid Production in YeastDownload
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) catalyzes the final step in the acyl-CoA- dependent biosynthesis of triacylglycerol (TAG). The level of DGAT activity may have a substantial effect on the flow of carbon into TAG in many organisms. In plants, yeast, and animals, two families of...
Uncovering the Molecular Mechanisms behind Triacylglycerol Biosynthesis in Flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum L.)Download
Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) seed oil contains approximately 45%-65% of α-linolenic acid (ALA) and 15-29 % of linoleic acid (LA), and is one of the richest natural sources of these polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Due to its high amounts of PUFAs, especially ALA, flax oil has a number of...