ERA

Speech Pathology and Audiology

Items in this Collection
  1. Exploring Audiology Services in Alberta: Patient, Parent and Clinician PerspectivesExploring Audiology Services in Alberta: Patient, Parent and Clinician Perspectives

    Title: Exploring Audiology Services in Alberta: Patient, Parent and Clinician PerspectivesExploring Audiology Services in Alberta: Patient, Parent and Clinician Perspectives
    Creator: Bernier, Myriam
    Description: This exploration study investigates whether or not barriers to audiology service access exist in the province of Alberta by means of 3 surveys. Surveys were divided in barrier-themes such as: distance to the audiologist, funding, wait lists/referrals. These surveys were available in audiology clinics across Alberta, and online. 18 adult, 20 caregiver and 21 audiologist surveys were completed. The analysis, limited to clinician perspective and one case study, reveals that no barrier was voted unanimous, but most were present: distance to audiologists, wait lists/referrals, funding, lack of audiology services, community and health care professionals’ awareness, and discrepancy in practices. Audiologists provided insight in the importance of awareness. They also provided insight regarding potential solutions to servicing remote areas (i.e. mobile audiology, increased salaries in rural regions, telepractice).
    Subjects: audiology, alberta, audiology services, survey
    Date Created: 2016/04/14
  2. A Feasibility Study using Pupil Dilation Measures to Examine Cognitive Effort During a Working Memory Span Task in People with Aphasia

    Title: A Feasibility Study using Pupil Dilation Measures to Examine Cognitive Effort During a Working Memory Span Task in People with Aphasia
    Creator: Dahlke, Kaetlyn
    Description: Aphasia is a language disorder, but it may also be accompanied by subtle cognitive impairments including deficits in working memory (WM). These cognitive and WM impairments are hard to quantify as traditionally, performance is assessed with a verbal or motoric response. These measures can be problematic for people with aphasia (PWA) because aphasia by definition involves a language deficit and often PWA also have motor impairments. Cognitive effort is a measure of performance on WM tasks that is often overlooked. Pupillometry, the measurement of pupil dilation, has been used to index cognitive effort. In conjunction with a non-linguistic task, pupillometry can be an ideal tool for PWA as it is a physiological measure of cognitive effort that bypasses speech and motor difficulties. In this study, PWA and age- and education-matched control participants completed a series of WM span tasks while an eye-tracker continuously collected pupil size measures as a proxy for cognitive effort. Pupil size increased with the number of items participants had to remember, reflecting an increase in cognitive effort. There was no significant difference in the change in pupil size between people with and without aphasia, indicating that both groups exerted similar amounts of effort. However, PWA performed significantly worse than controls on performance measures in the forward WM span task.
    Subjects: aphasia, cognitive impairment, working memory, people with Aphasia (PWA), pupillometry, eye-tracker, cognitive effort
    Date Created: 2016/03/23
  3. Must Love Dogs: Literature Review and Manual on Animal Assisted Therapy in Speech-Language Pathology with Adult Neurological Disorders

    Title: Must Love Dogs: Literature Review and Manual on Animal Assisted Therapy in Speech-Language Pathology with Adult Neurological Disorders
    Creator: Lau, Pauline
    Description: Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) involves introducing a specially trained animal into a clinical setting to augment treatment. AAT has been incorporated into the treatment and management of individuals with a wide range of disabilities with the goals of providing emotional support and improving social functioning. Although there is strong evidence that AAT can be beneficial for many individuals, research evaluating its efficacy with adults with neurological disorders is limited. However, current research does suggest that AAT may have therapeutic value for adults with neurological disorders. According to the World Health Organization, neurological disorders encompass a broad variety of conditions resulting from diseases of the central and peripheral nervous systems. These disorders include, but are not limited to, Alzheimer's disease and other dementias, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, brain tumours, neurological infections, traumatic disorders of the nervous system such as traumatic brain injury, and cerebrovascular diseases including stroke (World Health Organization, 2006). Through a review of the literature, we investigated the application and efficacy of AAT in the rehabilitation of adults with neurological disorders. We further investigated the resources and supports available in the community to implement AAT. Based on this information we drafted a manual detailing the steps involved in establishing an animal-assisted program relevant to adults with neurological communication disorders. This manual is intended to assist clinicians to incorporate AAT into their practice. Understanding how to implement an AAT program and how individuals with neurological communication disorders benefit from this therapy could contribute to improving services for adults with neurological communication disorders.
    Subjects: SLP, AAT, adult neurological disorders, animal-assisted therapy, adults, rehabilitation, neurological communication disorders, manual, animal-assisted intervention
    Date Created: 2016/03/07
  4. Integrating language services and curriculum: An extension for Grades 4-6

    Title: Integrating language services and curriculum: An extension for Grades 4-6
    Creator: Currie, Smantha
    Description: Language is extensively used within the school environment, sometimes in areas which might not be evident unless working with a child with language impairments. Kristen Hedley (2012) created a tool called the “SLP curriculum” for teachers and speech-language pathologists to use collaboratively, which identifies language demands within the curriculum. This tool used the learner specific outcomes from the Programs of Study for Mathematics, Social Studies, English Language Arts and Science for Grades K-3. The purpose was to identify key vocabulary, language skills and other skills that are embedded throughout the curriculum objectives for these Grades (including glossaries for “other language skills” and basic concepts). The present tool has been designed for Grades 4-6 and has been modified from the original work to include aspects and concepts that are more appropriate for older students. Modifications include changing definitions, adding skills and concepts and including a new glossary that codes skills that highlight increasing cognitive demands. The end result will be an expansion of the “SLP curriculum” that will hopefully be utilized within Alberta classrooms in order to enhance the education of students with language-learning difficulties.
    Subjects: language services, Alberta education, integration, curriculum, SLP curriculum, language demands
    Date Created: 2016/03/23
  5. Integrating Language Services and the Alberta Education Curriculum

    Title: Integrating Language Services and the Alberta Education Curriculum
    Creator: Hedley, Kristen
    Description: Both academically and socially, the school context is a very language intensive environment. These language demands are amplified for students with language impairments. “Inclusion” is a growing force driving recent educational theory and policy. If students with language deficits are not properly supported once placed in inclusive classrooms, their academic and social achievement is jeopardized. SLPs can use their expertise to help to scaffold language demands found in the classroom. And when SLPs and teachers collaborate, the result often improves the educational experience of all students, not just those who struggle with language. In an effort to support interprofessional collaboration, an “SLP curriculum” was developed for use by classroom teachers and SLPs. The tool lists specific learner outcomes found in the Science, Social Studies, Mathematics, and English Language Arts Programs of Study for Grades K-3, and identifies the vocabulary, basic concepts, and other language skills embedded in the outcomes. An “other language skills” glossary and basic concept examples are both included in the appendices. Cases studies providing practical examples of the SLP curriculum’s utilization are also provided.
    Subjects: Alberta education , curriculum, integration, language services, SLP curriculum, language skills
    Date Created: 2012/08/31
  6. Integrating Language Services and the Alberta Education Curriculum - Appendices

    Title: Integrating Language Services and the Alberta Education Curriculum - Appendices
    Creator: Hedley, Kristen
    Description: Both academically and socially, the school context is a very language intensive environment. These language demands are amplified for students with language impairments. “Inclusion” is a growing force driving recent educational theory and policy. If students with language deficits are not properly supported once placed in inclusive classrooms, their academic and social achievement is jeopardized. SLPs can use their expertise to help to scaffold language demands found in the classroom. And when SLPs and teachers collaborate, the result often improves the educational experience of all students, not just those who struggle with language. In an effort to support interprofessional collaboration, an “SLP curriculum” was developed for use by classroom teachers and SLPs. The tool lists specific learner outcomes found in the Science, Social Studies, Mathematics, and English Language Arts Programs of Study for Grades K-3, and identifies the vocabulary, basic concepts, and other language skills embedded in the outcomes. An “other language skills” glossary and basic concept examples are both included in the appendices. Cases studies providing practical examples of the SLP curriculum’s utilization are also provided.
    Subjects: Alberta education , curriculum, integration, language services, SLP curriculum, language skills
    Date Created: 2012/08/31
  7. The Effects of LSVT®LOUD (Lee Silverman Voice Treatment) on the Speech Intelligibility of Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy and Children with Down Syndrome

    Title: The Effects of LSVT®LOUD (Lee Silverman Voice Treatment) on the Speech Intelligibility of Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy and Children with Down Syndrome
    Creator: Clifton, Alanah
    Description: The purpose of this study was to develop a pilot listening task designed to examine pre- and post-treatment intelligibility ratings, as well as error patterns, following intensive voice treatment (LSVT®LOUD), in a group of children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) and another group of children with Down syndrome (DS).
    Subjects: children, Down Syndrome, voice treatment, speech intelligibility, LSVT LOUD, Spastic Cerebral Palsy
  8. Development of “The Cognition and Communication Home Workbook for Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury”

    Title: Development of “The Cognition and Communication Home Workbook for Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury”
    Creator: Barnard, Kirsten
    Description: “The Cognition and Communication Home Workbook for Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury” was designed to target speech, language and communication deficits and build upon strengths of individuals with a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Development of the workbook was requested by the Brain Care Center (BCC), a non-profit agency serving clients who have sustained a brain injury. This workbook is based on the process-oriented home rehabilitation format, which emphasizes personal self-awareness and self-regulation (Warden et al., 2000). The home workbook contains stimulation activities, scripts, social games and templates that can be used to improve day-to-day functioning. Staff at the BCC will choose and distribute activities that match client needs. Personally and socially, this workbook will provide much-needed community reintegration support. Created out of a need to rehabilitate adults with brain injury back into their community, workbook activities are based on evidence obtained through a literature review of TBI and community reintegration. The TBI workbook was developed alongside a workbook for individuals with speech and language disorders following left-hemisphere stroke and included: meetings with BCC and the partner group who developed the stroke workbook, review of the literature, and development of tasks and activities for the workbook. Following completion, an in-service was provided to the BCC on how the workbook was created and designed to be used. This paper describes the process followed in the development of the workbook including the evidence supporting the activities, as well as limitations, suggestions for improvement, and potential future directions.
    Subjects: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), home workbook, Brain Care Center (BCC)
    Date Created: 2011/12/20
  9. Involving Users in the Design of a Speech Generating Device Interface for Lego Robot Control

    Title: Involving Users in the Design of a Speech Generating Device Interface for Lego Robot Control
    Creator: Adams, K.D.
    Description: This paper describes the process of developing a speech generating device (SGD) interface to control Lego robots which involved the end -users in testing and iterative improvements of the interface. The participants had differing skills and preferences which resulted in individual interfaces which varied in navigation system, symbol type and organization. The resulting interfaces were functional for the participants as evidenced by their performance in robot control training and functional math activities.
    Subjects: Interface Design, Lego robot, speech generating device
    Date Created: 2011/12/05
  10. Longitudinal Survey of Language Acquisition in Children Adopted from Ethiopia & India

    Title: Longitudinal Survey of Language Acquisition in Children Adopted from Ethiopia & India
    Creator: Basit, Eisha
    Description: Language in adopted Ethiopian and Indian children
    Subjects: language acquisition, speech-language pathologists, adoption