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The ubiquity of the Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices in everyday life allows various sensors to be utilized in networked systems for solving a number of real-world problems. Models utilizing specific sensing modalities achieve impressive performance in understanding human activity and are used in...
The municipal drainage system is a key component of every modern city’s infrastructure. However, as the drainage system ages, its pipes gradually deteriorate at rates that vary based on the conditions of utilization (i.e., intrinsic conditions) and other extrinsic factors such as the presence of...
Learning about many things can provide numerous benefits to a reinforcement learning system. For example, learning many auxiliary value functions, in addition to optimizing the environmental reward, appears to improve both exploration and representation learning. The question we tackle in this...
Monte Carlo methods are a simple, effective, and widely deployed way of approximating integrals that prove too challenging for deterministic approaches. This thesis presents a number of contributions to the field of adaptive Monte Carlo methods. That is, approaches that automatically adjust the...
The predictive representations hypothesis is that representing the state of the world in terms of predictions about the future will result in good generalization. In this thesis, good generalization is specifically quantified by good learning performance in both accuracy and speed when predicting...
Deep learning has revolutionized many fields that process large amounts of data such as images, video, audio, speech, and text. Anomaly detection, however, is among the areas that still require major advancements. Based on the key traits of deep learning, which are the need for very little hand...
Assessing the Feasibility of Learning Biomedical Phenotype Patterns Using High-Throughput Omics ProfilesDownload
A decade after the completion of the human genome project, the rapid advancement of the high-throughput measurement technologies has made omics (genomics, epigenomics, transcriptomics, metabolomics) profiling feasible. The availability of such omics profiles has raised the hope for the...
Automated sports commentary is a form of automated narrative and human-computer interaction. Sports commentary exists to keep the viewer informed and entertained. One way to entertain the viewer is by telling brief stories relevant to the game in progress. We introduce a system called the...
Videogames often use artificial intelligence to control characters in the game world. In doing so, videogames require one or more agents to navigate from their current location to some desired goal location without collisions. We explore improving algorithm performance in both single and...
Current medical imaging professional training uses an apprenticeship model with students following an established doctor and viewing their cases, in what is called a practicum. This posses an issue as students are limited to the cases available during their practicum. To resolve this automated...