This weekend, we need to do work to address a component of our application that requires immediate attention. As a result, you may experience ERA to be intermittently available. We apologize for any inconvenience this may cause, and thank you for your patience as we attend to the care and feeding of ERA!
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Application of Forward Osmosis Membrane Technology for Oil Sands Process-Affected Water DesalinationDownload
The extraction process used to obtain bitumen from the oil sands produces large volumes of oil sands process-affected water (OSPW). As a newly emerging desalination technology, forward osmosis (FO) has shown great promise in saving electrical power requirements, increasing water recovery, and...
Forward osmosis (FO) technology has attracted a lot of attention in the last decade due to its promising future to provide clean water and energy. In this study the feasibility of FO was studied for treatment of SAGD produced water. First, the effects of temperature, flow rate and pH of the feed...