CFD modeling of geobag stability for riverbank erosion protection structures

  • Author / Creator
    Shabani, Saman
  • Riverbank erosion poses significant environmental and infrastructural challenges, including soil loss, damage to infrastructure, flooding, and threats to wildlife and vegetation. Erosion control structures are essential for mitigating this issue, and geobags
    have been used as a fundamental element of revetment structures since the 1970s.
    The use of geobags offers numerous advantages over traditional rip-rap, such as longterm durability, cost-efficiency, eco-friendliness, and environmental safety. One of the
    key benefits of geobag revetments is the stability they provide for communities living
    along riverbanks, fostering economic development in the surrounding areas. To ensure
    the effective design of such structures, a comprehensive understanding of geobag stability under hydraulic loading conditions is crucial. Despite numerous fluvial studies
    focusing on the stability of geobags, none have specifically investigated the drag and
    friction forces acting on a single bag under current loading conditions. Additionally,
    no computational fluid dynamics (CFD) study has previously simulated the motion
    and movement of submerged geobags. In order to fill this knowledge gap, the present
    study employed a transient CFD model to simulate the movement of geobags at the
    bottom of the channel, utilizing the technique of Overset mesh. The image processing technique is also implemented to determine the exact edges and shape of bags
    before failure at the bottom of the channel. Through the simulation, the drag and
    friction force affecting a single geobag were determined. The effects of shape, material
    and filling ratio of the geobags were investigated. Ultimately, the failure velocity of
    geobags which follow the same shape was determined.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Fall 2023
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.