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- 73Systematic reviews
- 5Child health
- 5Influenza vaccinations
- 5Knowledge translation
- 5Primary care
- 22Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of
- 22Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of/Theses and Dissertations
- 20Nursing, Faculty of
- 17Medicine and Dentistry, Faculty of
- 12Nursing, Faculty of/Health Systems
- 12Medicine and Dentistry, Faculty of/Alberta Research Centre for Health Evidence (ARCHE)
Introduction Systematic reviews (SRs) synthesize published and sometimes unpublished data and are often based on randomized controlled trials (RCTs). However, RCTs are known to be poor at identifying and reporting harms. The PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and...
Confidentiality and treatment decisions of minor clients: a health professional’s dilemma & policy makerschallenge.Download
Issues relating to confidentiality and consent for physical and mental health treatment with minor clients can pose challenges health care providers. Decisions need to be made regarding these issues despite the absence of clear, direct, or comprehensive policies and legislation. In order to fully...
Controlled trials in children: quantity, methodological quality and descriptive characteristics of pediatric controlled trials published 1948-2006.Download
Background The objective of this study was to describe randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs) in child health published between 1948 and 2006, in terms of quantity, methodological quality, and publication and trial characteristics. We used the Trials Register...
Development of a checklist to assess the quality of reporting of knowledge translation interventions using the workgroup for intervention development and evaluation research (WIDER) recommendations.Download
Background Influenced by an important paper by Michie et al., outlining the rationale and requirements for detailed reporting of behavior change interventions now required by Implementation Science, we created and refined a checklist to operationalize the Workgroup for Intervention Development...
Do sugar-sweetened beverages cause adverse health outcomes in children? A systematic review protocolDownload
Ziegler, Paula, Hamel, Candyce, Gow, Robert, Hutton, Brian, Pound, Catherine, Hadjiyannakis, Stasia, Sharma, Arya, Myers, Esther, Willows, Noreen, Singh, Kavita, Fenton, Shannon, Salewski, Erinn, Shrier, Ian, Ansari, Mohammed T., Stevens, Adrienne, O'Hara, Kathryn, Moher, David, Bjerre, Lise M., Tremblay, Mark
Background Cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes are examples of chronic diseases that impose significant morbidity and mortality in the general population worldwide. Most chronic diseases are associated with underlying preventable risk factors, such as elevated blood pressure, high blood...
Efficacy and side-effect profiles of lactulose, docusate sodium, and sennosides compared to PEG in opioid-induced constipation: A systematic reviewDownload
Opioid-induced constipation (OIC) is an unpleasant and ubiquitous side effect of opioid treatment. Ineffective treatment of OIC can result in decreased adherence to opioid therapy, decreased quality of life, and increased morbidity and mortality. The constipating effects of opioids result from...
Case management was initiated in the 1970s to reduce care discontinuity. A literature review focused on end-of-life (EOL) case management identified 17 research articles, with content analysis revealing two themes: (a) seeking to determine or establish the value of EOL case management and (b)...
Background: The prevalence of dementia, a progressive and incurable condition that affects memory and daily function, is increasing worldwide. The perspective of people with dementia can be captured to better understand which factors impact quality of life for this particular population. Such...
From the trenches: a cross-sectional study applying the GRADE tool in systematic reviews of healthcare interventions.Download
Background GRADE was developed to address shortcomings of tools to rate the quality of a body of evidence. While much has been published about GRADE, there are few empirical and systematic evaluations. Objective To assess GRADE for systematic reviews (SRs) in terms of inter-rater agreement and...
Gifted & talented students' career aspirations and influences: A systematic review of the literatureDownload
The nursing shortage of registered nurses in Canada is expected to worsen, making recruitment a concern for nursing organizations. Also, many reports have outlined the need for improved leadership in nursing. Therefore, the study purpose was to describe the findings of a systematic review of...