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This research describes laboratory and field experiments aiming at developing techniques for obtaining quantitative measurements of suspended frazil ice and surface ice characteristics in rivers using sonars. A series of laboratory experiments were conducted to correlate the sonar backscatter...
The physical and kinematic properties of frazil ice particles have proven difficult to measure with any accuracy in the past. As a result, little is known about the size distribution, thickness, aspect ratio, and rise velocity of these particles, making it impossible to develop accurate...
The importance of anchor ice transport of sediment on a river is significantly understudied. This study addresses the lack of data related to anchor ice release and rafting. A large sample set of anchor ice was collected in the field over the 2015-2016 and 2016-2017 winter seasons to compute a...