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Laboratory Studies of Suspended Frazil Ice Particles

  • Author / Creator
    McFarlane, Vincent J
  • The physical and kinematic properties of frazil ice particles have proven difficult to measure with any accuracy in the past. As a result, little is known about the size distribution, thickness, aspect ratio, and rise velocity of these particles, making it impossible to develop accurate mathematical models of the formation, development, and transport of frazil ice. To address this lack of data, a digital image acquisition system was developed capable of capturing high-resolution, cross-polarised photographs of suspended frazil ice particles in a laboratory environment. An algorithm was written to process these images and calculate the diameter of individual particles. A lognormal distribution was found to offer a good fit to the particle diameters. This image acquisition and processing system was also applied to rising frazil ice particles and the effects of particle thickness, diameter, aspect ratio, and orientation on the rise velocity of frazil ice in quiescent water was studied.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2014-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3X921S6Q
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Water Resources Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Loewen, Mark (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Hicks, Faye (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Myers, Paul (Earth and Atmospheric Science)
    • Hicks, Faye (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Loewen, Mark (Civil and Environmental Engineering)