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Despite John Buridan's reputation as the foremost Parisian philosopher of the fourteenth century and the predominant role played by his teachings in European universities until well into the sixteenth century,' our understanding of his thought in a number of areas remains sketchy. Epistemology is...
Moral virtues need intellectual virtues. I support this claims by (1) proposing a response in terms of intellectual virtues and other psychological factors to situationalist critiques against moral virtue, (2) arguing that intellectual virtues must assess moral contexts for proper manifestation...
In this chapter I lay out a notion of philosophical naturalism that aligns with pragmatism. It is developed and illustrated by a presentation of my views on natural kinds and my theory of concepts. Both accounts reflect a methodological naturalism and are defended no by way of metaphysical...
Introduction: Philosophical questions about biology have been addressed by philosophers and scientists for centuries. Yet as a genuine discipline within philosophy, philosophy of biology started to emerge in the 1970s (Byron, 2007). One motivation for this was the fact that much of traditional...
Roger Saylor and Michel Ferrari (eds): Epistemology and Science Education: Understanding the Evolution vsntelligent Design ControversyDownload
Introduction: For decades the creationist movement has threatened the teaching of evolution in the United States, even in public schools. Similar worrisome trends have started in other Western countries. Beyond the major importance of reacting to attempts to undermine the proper teaching of...
One way of “doing” philosophy is to choose a topic of investigation, proceed in depth narrowly on an analysis of that topic; then to apply the results widely. I follow this strategy in my dissertation. The topic I investigate narrowly is “questions”; then I emphasize its applications in...
Virtue Reliabilism and Virtue Responsibilism are two theories within the enterprise of Virtue Epistemology. The former considers virtues to be those competences whose reliability is what confers justification on its product beliefs. The latter considers virtues as being those deep-seated...
Introduction: Gone are the days when walking off a cliff, living in a bathtub, or inventing a new science would have seemed natural outgrowths of philosophical epistemology. Whether this reflects growing modesty or a lamentable failure of commitment, few contemporary philosophers would undertake...
Introduction: This is an excellent monograph concerning several central features of Aristotle's physical theory and their various interpretations in the Middle Ages. The first half of this study treats of the definition of nature in book two of the Physics, the problem of the natural motion of...
Introduction: In the preface of this book, Copi explains that he has \"tried to give an account of the Theory of Logical Types which shall not be so technical as to repel the non-specialist nor so informal as to disappoint the serious student who wants to see exactly what it is and how it works\"...