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- 33Field, Catherine J.
- 29Stothard, Paul
- 20Chan, Catherine B.
- 19Proctor, Spencer D.
- 17Guan, Leluo
- 15Weselake, Randall J.
PolySearch: A web-based text mining system for extracting relationships between human diseases, genes, mutations, drugs and metabolitesDownload
A particular challenge in biomedical text mining is to find ways of handling ‘comprehensive’ or ‘associative’ queries such as ‘Find all genes associated with breast cancer’. Given that many queries in genomics, proteomics or metabolomics involve these kind of comprehensive searches we believe...
The efficacy of penicillin G potassium (Pot-Pen) administered via drinking water to manage necrotic enteritis (NE) was investigated in a Clostridium perfringens (CP) challenge study using 1600 broiler chickens assigned to one of four treatment groups: nonchallenged, nonmedicated; challenged,...
In this review article we present an overall summary of the role that high-grain/low forage diets have on rumen composition of microbiota and how changes in the diet affect the release of bacterial cell wall components that are toxic to the host. One of these toxic compounds is lipopolysaccharide...
Construction of confidence intervals or regions is an important part of statistical inference. The usual approach to constructing a confidence interval for a single parameter or confidence region for two or more parameters requires that the distribution of estimated parameters is known or can be...
Vaccenic acid (VA) is a ruminant-derived trans-fat and precursor of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). The objective of the present study was to explore the effects of VA on immune function in a model of the metabolic syndrome, JCR:LA-cp rats. Lean (2:1 mix of +/cp and +/+) and obese (cp/cp) rats,...
A characterization of inflammatory and structural markers within the rumen epithelium during grain-induced ruminal acidosis in lactating dairy cattleDownload
The objective of this study was to characterize the mRNA and protein expression of inflammatory and structural genes in the rumen epithelium during grain-induced ruminal acidosis in lactating dairy cattle. A total of 16 rumen-fistulated, lactating Holstein dairy cattle (618±35 kg of body weight,...
Background MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs found to regulate several biological processes including adipogenesis. Understanding adipose tissue regulation is critical for beef cattle as fat is an important determinant of beef quality and nutrient value. This study analyzed the...
Reutericyclin producing Lactobacillus reuteri modulates development of fecal microbiota in weanling pigsDownload
Lactobacillus reuteri is used as probiotic culture in food and feed applications; however, strain specific properties of L. reuteri that mediate probiotic activity remain unknown. This study aimed to determine effects of feed fermentation with exopolysaccharide and reutericyclin producing L....
Walking behaviour and glycemic control in type 2 diabetes: Seasonal and gender differences - Study design and methodsDownload
Background The high glucose levels typically occurring among adults with type 2 diabetes contribute to blood vessel injury and complications such as blindness, kidney failure, heart disease, and stroke. Higher physical activity levels are associated with improved glycemic control, as measured by...
Xylo-oligosaccharides and virginiamycin differentially modulate gut microbial composition in chickensDownload
Background The emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance in pathogens have led to a restriction on the use of antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs) in animal feed in some countries. The potential negative after-effects of a ban on AGPs could be mitigated by improving animal intestinal health...