Endoplasmic reticulum stress induction by an endogenous retrovirus glycoprotein during neuroinflammation: regulation by a free radical scavenger

  • Author / Creator
    Deslauriers, Andre
  • Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is a homeostatic mechanism, which is utilized by cells to adapt to inter- and intra-cellular changes. There is a burgeoning literature showing that the human endogenous retroviral envelope glycoprotein, Syncyin-1, oxidative stress and reactive oxygen species participate in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). I investigated the contribution of Syncytin-1-induced ER stress in MS and its animal model, experiment autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). The prototypic ER stress biomarker, XBP-1 spliced variant (XBP-1/S), was increased in cerebral white matter of MS patients compared to non-MS controls and was correlated with Syncytin-1 expression. Syncytin-1 over-expression caused glia cytotoxicity but was mitigated by the ROS scavenger, crocin. Treatment with crocin on day 7 post-EAE induction ameliorated EAE disease severity in mice by reducing EAE pathology. Herein, I demonstrate that crocin attenuates Syncytin-1-induced ER stress in astrocytes while also diminishing disease severity in EAE in conjunction with suppression of neuroinflammation.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Power, Christopher (Medicine, Medical Microbiology and Immunology)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Michalak, Marek (Biochemistry)
    • Giulinani, Fabrizio (Medicine)
    • Guilbert, Larry (Medical Microbiology and Immunology)