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A unifying framework for the transient parasite dynamics of migratory hosts, Supplemental information.pdf
A unifying framework for the transient parasite dynamics of migratory hosts.pdf
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A unifying framework for the transient parasite dynamics of migratory hosts

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Migrations allow animals to track seasonal changes in resources, find mates, and avoid harsh climates, but these regular, longdistance movements also have implications for parasite dynamics and animal health. Migratory animals have been dubbed “superspreaders” of infection, but migration can also reduce parasite burdens within host populations via migratory escape from contaminated habitats and transmission hotspots, migratory recovery due to parasite mortality, and migratory culling of infected individuals. Here, we show that a single migratory host–macroparasite model can give rise to these different phenomena under different parametrizations, providing a unifying framework for a mechanistic understanding of the parasite dynamics of migratory animals. Importantly, our model includes the impact of parasite burden on host movement capability during migration, which can lead to “parasite-induced migratory stalling” due to a positive feedback between increasing parasite burdens and reduced movement. Our results provide general insight into the conditions leading to different health outcomes in migratory wildlife. Our approach lays the foundation for tactical models that can help understand, predict, and mitigate future changes of disease risk in migratory wildlife that may arise from shifting migratory patterns, loss of migratory behavior, or climate effects on parasite development, mortality, and transmission.

  • Date created
    2020-05-19
  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Type of Item
    Article (Draft / Submitted)
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/r3-w24c-d455
  • License
    Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International