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Cardiovascular Disease Risk factors in Canadian-born and Immigrant Children and Youth in the Canadian Health Measures Survey

  • Author / Creator
    Ata, Nicole
  • Immigrants make up almost 20% of Canada’s population. Recent adult immigrants to Canada are generally in better health than those born in Canada. However, we know little about whether this is also the case in children. We compared mean levels and prevalence of adverse levels of CVD risk factors between immigrant (foreign-born) and Canadian-born children and youth using data from 4211 children and youth aged 6 to 19 years in the Canadian Health Measures Survey cycles 1 and 2 (2007-2009, 2009-2011). Levels of obesity, high waist circumference, elevated blood pressure, and dyslipidaemia were lower in immigrant than in Canadian-born children and youth. However, Canadian-born children and youth reported better health behaviours. Overall, results indicated a trend toward a more favourable CVD risk factor profile among immigrant children and youth in Canada. This study suggests a health advantage in immigrant children and youth over Canadian-born children and youth.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2014-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3ZS2KN2R
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Public Health Sciences
  • Specialization
    • Epidemiology
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Kirkland, Susan (Dalhousie University, Community Health and Epidemiology)
    • Maximova, Katerina (School of Public Health)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Kaul, Padma (Medicine)