Underwater Stereo Matching and its Calibration

  • Author / Creator
    Gedge, Jason
  • A fundamental component of stereo vision is that of epipolar geometry. It shows that the corresponding point of a pixel in one image is restricted to a line in another image. When a refractive surface is introduced, such as in underwater imaging, this constraint no longer holds. Instead, the corresponding point of a pixel in one image is now restricted to a curve, not a line, in the other image. In this thesis, we investigate the impact of a planar refractive interface on stereo matching. We address the issue of 3D point projection in a refractive medium, including cases where the refractive interface is not parallel with the camera’s imaging plane. A novel method for calibrating the parameters of a planar refractive interface is proposed. We show how to compute the refractive epipolar curve for a pixel, which allows us to generate a matching cost volume that compensates for the effects of refraction. We implement a multi-view stereo algorithms to test the correctness of our matching cost volume. The experimental results show that our new approach can significantly improve the results of underwater stereo matching over previous approaches using heuristic methods to account for refraction.

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  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
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  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.