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Revegetation research 1976 progress report Sub-Projects VE 7.2, 7.3, and 7.4

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • Laboratory studies were conducted during 1976 to investigate native grasses and legumes potentially useful for revegetation on various soils. Plant growth was tested in various soils with and without the addition of fertilizer in the greenhouse and ill growth chambers. The Genera tested were: Agropyron Alopecurus, Bromus, Calamagrostis, Festuca, Phalaris, Phleum, Poa, Puccinellia, Astragalus, Hedysarum, Lupinus, Oxytropis, Glycyrrhiza, Lathyrus, Thermopsis, and Vicia. Field studies were conducted at Woodbend Station, Devon. Germination and early establishment were observed on unscarifled, fall-planted and scarified, spring-planted legumes. Work was begun at the Alberta Environment Research Station at Vegreville. Native grasses, naturalized grasses, agricultural varieties of grasses, and native and agricultural varieties of legumes were planted to be evaluated in the uniformity garden. Ft Fort McMurray, research areas were partly established on the Great Canadian Oil Sands Ltd. tailings dike site and the AOSERP Mildred Lake facility. The development of the seed production test sites at Peers, Waskatenau, and High Level were continued. Native species of legumes were seeded at the Peers legume seed-increase nursery. Native grass seed for plants which had been sown the previous year at four different sites in Alberta were harvested. The following tentative conclusions may be used for the planning of Future studies: (i) Plant growth can be established on tailings sand if there is adequate moisture present, but time of planting seems to be a critical factor in establishment; (ii) Native legumes can produce root nodules without the add1tion of inoculum, but capacity to produce nodules on tailings sand varies among species; (iii) Nutrient requirements and soil preferences of native species vary widely. However, it is difficult to establish plant growth on soils with a low pH, a high conductivity (i.e. high salt concentration), or, a high aluminum level; (iv) A high level of available fertilizer may wholly or partially inhibit germination of native legumes and some native grasses. The optimum concentration of fertiIizer is higher for plant growth than for seed germination in some native legumes, but the optimum is determined in part at least by the amount and type of amendment used to ameliorate the tailings sand; and (v) Amendment of tailings sand with silt may cause soil compaction and have subsequent adverse effects on the penetration of the cotyledons through the substrate. In sand amended with peat, the roots of the seedlings tend to remain in the amended layer. The optimum amount of amendment seems to depend to some extent on the species used.

  • Date created
    1977
  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Type of Item
    Report
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3G27J
  • License
    This material is provided under educational reproduction permissions included in Alberta Environment and Sustainable Resource Development's Copyright and Disclosure Statement, see terms at http://www.environment.alberta.ca/copyright.html. This Statement requires the following identification: \"The source of the materials is Alberta Environment and Sustainable Resource Development http://www.environment.gov.ab.ca/. The use of these materials by the end user is done without any affiliation with or endorsement by the Government of Alberta. Reliance upon the end user's use of these materials is at the risk of the end user.