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Development of an experimental setup for measuring vacuum decay in dual-wall fiber-reinforced composite pipes

  • Author / Creator
    Ruhl, Mark Jason
  • Thermal management and energy input are required to maintain working fluids, i.e., liquefied natural gas, liquid nitrogen, and multi-phase fluids within their optimal working conditions. Increasing a pipes’ thermal resistance, e.g., utilizing vacuum insulation, is one method of minimizing energy input. A dual-wall concentric pipe employing a vacuum in the annulus, along with low emissivity surface coatings, is an achievable and economically viable solution. In this study, an experimental setup was designed and utilized to measure the air leakage mass flow rate for single-wall unloaded and mechanically loaded dual-wall fiber reinforced polymeric composite specimens. The mass flow rates were used to develop intrinsic permeability coefficients to quantify leakage, and to determine the maximum serviceable pipe length for a mechanical vacuum pump. In addition, thermal resistance equations were developed to quantify the theoretical heat loss, and an economic study was performed to ascertain the viability for three applications.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2010-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3QM1Z
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Mechanical Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Mertiny, Pierre (Mechanical Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Driver, Robert (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
    • Secanell, Marc (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Carey, Jason (Mechanical Engineering)