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Locally Piecewise Affine Functions

  • Author / Creator
    Adeeb, Samer
  • Piecewise affine functions as defined by Aliprantis and Tourky and denoted by the set S are those functions in C(R^m) that agree with a finite number of affine functions. In this thesis, we extend their study by introducing the set of locally piecewise affine functions denoted by S_lp. Unlike piecewise affine functions, a locally piecewise affine function could possibly agree with an infinite number of affine functions on R^m. We discuss the relationship between the two sets under the umbrella of order theory. In order to define the set of locally piecewise affine functions we first define piecewise affine functions on arbitrary subsets of R^m and discuss the conditions that guarantee the natural extension of a piecewise affine function on arbitrary sets to a piecewise affine function on the whole space. We then define the set of locally piecewise affine functions and discuss how the properties of piecewise affine functions that have been studied previously can be extended to the new set. The literature of vector lattices contains the study of the equivalence or lack thereof of three main definitions for order convergence. However, this problem has not been studied in C(R^m). In this thesis we utilize the results by Anderson and Mathews to study this problem. In doing so, we investigate if C(R^m) possesses the countable sup property which allows us to show that for bounded nets, two main definitions of order convergence in the literature coincide. We also study S and S_lp as sublattices of C(R^m) and we show that both S and subsequently S_lp are order dense minorizing sublattices in C(R^m). We then study the relationship between S and S_lp by introducing the definition of locally finite sets of functions. This definition allows us to show that any locally finite set of functions in S has a supremum and an infimum both of which are in S_lp. In addition, we show that any function in S_lp can be expressed as the difference of the supremums of two locally finite sequences of functions in S. The Stone-Weierstrass theorem can be directly applied to show that piecewise affine functions can uniformly approximate continuous functions on compact sets. However, piecewise affine functions cannot be used to uniformly approximate functions in C(R^m). In this thesis, we show that the set of locally piecewise affine functions can be used to uniformly approximate continuous functions in C(R^m).

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2015-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3C53F860
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences
  • Specialization
    • Mathematics
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Troitsky, Vladimir (Mathematical Sciences)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Troitsky, Vladimir (Mathematical Sciences)
    • Litvak, Alexander (Mathematical Sciences)
    • Kuttler, Jochen (Mathematical Sciences)
    • Tcaciuc, Adi (Mathematical Sciences)
    • Xanthos, Foivos (Mathematical Sciences)