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Examining the Role of PASS Processes in Gifted Reading Performance

  • Author / Creator
    Dunn, Kristy L
  • The purpose of the present study was twofold: (a) to examine what cognitive processes differentiate between gifted readers and controls, and (b) to examine the individual profiles of gifted readers. One hundred forty-four grade 4 to 6 elementary school children (54 grade 4, 55 grade 5, and 35 grade 6) attending enrichment programs in Edmonton (Canada) were assessed on three measures of Broad Reading (Letter-Word Identification, Reading Fluency, and Passage Comprehension), and on measures of Planning (Matching Numbers, Planned Codes), Attention (Expressive Attention, Number Detection), Simultaneous (Nonverbal Matrices, Verbal-Spatial Relations), and Successive (Word Series, Sentence Repetition) processing. The results of multivariate analyses indicated that the gifted readers performed significantly better than controls in planning, simultaneous, and successive processing, and the differences were independent from the reading task used to select them. In addition, the gifted readers exhibited diverse individual profiles of cognitive assets. The most dominant type of cognitive asset was in simultaneous processing, followed by successive processing. The psychoeducational implications of these findings are discussed.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2016-06:Fall 2016
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Education
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3PG1HT26
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Educational Psychology
  • Specialization
    • Special Education
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Georgiou, George (Educational Psychology)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Brown, Heather (Educational Psychology)
    • Parrila, Rauno (Educational Psychology)