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Green biomass: characterization and fractionation of immature cereal crops

  • Author / Creator
    Brenner, Carla
  • The development of a biorefining process acknowledges the feedstock characterization as it can often dictate the process technology. The maturity stages of agricultural feedstocks also have the potential for altering the process conditions. Thus, the variability of growth stages at 4-6 leaf, flowering, milk and soft dough were assessed for use of immature cereal crops in a green biomass biorefinery. Hence, the primary objective of this project was to evaluate the composition of green biomass at different harvest stages. Four varieties of triticale, two wheat varieties and two rye varieties were analyzed for starch, protein, phenols, fatty acids and sterols. To further characterize the feedstocks, an alternate extraction strategy was explored based on solvent polarity. It was found that for triticale varieties, the milk to soft dough harvest stages showed a decrease in proteins and phenols content and an increase in starch content. This could potentially provide benefit to organic acid production through fermentation.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2010-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3FW30
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Bressler, David C (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
    • Temelli, Feral (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Kumar, Amit (Mechanical Engineering)