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Menu planning and individual counseling as strategies to improve diet quality in people with type 2 diabetes: results from a pilot study

  • Author / Creator
    Soria, Diana C
  • This 12-week study evaluated the effectiveness of menu planning and individual counseling in improving diet quality and health parameters among 15 type 2 diabetes patients using a pretest-posttest design. Perceived dietary adherence was measured and three-day food records were obtained to determine nutrient intakes, servings of food groups and the Healthy Eating Index (diet quality). Glycated hemoglobin, lipid parameters, weight, waist circumference and body composition were measured. There was a decrease in sodium intake (in women), and an increase in perceived dietary adherence (p<0.05). No significant changes were observed in diet quality. Glycated hemoglobin, weight, waist circumference, BMI and fat mass decreased, while HDL-cholesterol and fat free mass increased (p<0.05). Changes in health parameters were greater among participants who improved their diet quality. Menu planning was shown to be feasible and effective for diabetes management; however, more research is needed to establish the long-term benefits and feasibility of this approach.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3959S
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
  • Specialization
    • Nutrition and Metabolism
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Chan, Catherine (Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Berry, Tanya (Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation)
    • McCargar, Linda (Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences)
    • Storey, Kate (Department of Public Health Sciences)