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Regularization in reinforcement learning

  • Author / Creator
    Farahmand, Amir-massoud
  • This thesis studies the reinforcement learning and planning problems that are modeled by a discounted Markov Decision Process (MDP) with a large state space and finite action space. We follow the value-based approach in which a function approximator is used to estimate the optimal value function. The choice of function approximator, however, is nontrivial, as it depends on both the number of data samples and the MDP itself. The goal of this work is to introduce flexible and statistically-efficient algorithms that find close to optimal policies for these problems without much prior information about them. The recurring theme of this thesis is the application of the regularization technique to design value function estimators that choose their estimates from rich function spaces. We introduce regularization-based Approximate Value/Policy Iteration algorithms, analyze their statistical properties, and provide upper bounds on the performance loss of the resulted policy compared to the optimal one. The error bounds show the dependence of the performance loss on the number of samples, the capacity of the function space to which the estimated value function belongs, and some intrinsic properties of the MDP itself. Remarkably, the dependence on the number of samples in the task of policy evaluation is minimax optimal. We also address the problem of automatic parameter-tuning of reinforcement learning/planning algorithms and introduce a complexity regularization-based model selection algorithm. We prove that the algorithm enjoys an oracle-like property and it may be used to achieve adaptivity: the performance is almost as good as the performance of the unknown best parameters. Our two other contributions are used to analyze the aforementioned algorithms. First, we analyze the rate of convergence of the estimation error in regularized least-squares regression when the data is exponentially beta-mixing. We prove that up to a logarithmic factor, the convergence rate is the same as the optimal minimax rate available for the i.i.d. case. Second, we attend to the question of how the errors at each iteration of the approximate policy/value iteration influence the quality of the resulting policy. We provide results that highlight some new aspects of these algorithms.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2011-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R34P5W
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Doctoral
  • Department
    • Department of Computing Science
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Szepesvari, Csaba (Computing Science)
    • Jagersand, Martin (Computing Science)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Bowling, Michael (Computing Science)
    • Sutton, Richard S. (Computing Science)
    • Melnikov, Alexander (Mathematical and Statistical Sciences)
    • Bartlett, Peter L. (UC Berkeley - Division of Computer Science, Department of Statistics)
    • Schuurmans, Dale (Computing Science)