Nonlinear Robust Observers for Simultaneous State and Fault Estimation

  • Author / Creator
    Raoufi, Reza
  • A fault in the system operation is deemed to occur when the system practically experiences an abnormal condition, such as a malfunction in the actuators/sensors. Hence, detection and isolation of the faulty components is crucial in control applications. Effective control and monitoring of a system requires accurate information of internal behaviour of the system. This internal behaviour can be analyzed by system's states. Practically, in many real systems, state space variables are not fully available for measurements. The two critical problems stated have motivated significant research work in the area of robust state and fault estimation. Fault reconstruction and estimation is regarded as a stronger extension to fault detection and isolation (FDI) since accurate fault estimation automatically implies fault detection. It is well known that two promising control strategies to cope with uncertain control processes are H_infinity Control and Sliding Mode Control. Therefore, in this PhD thesis, we employ these tools and we propose observer based robust fault reconstruction (RFR) by integrating H_infinity filtering and Sliding Mode Control. We also employ adaptive control on the sliding motion to deal with faults with unknown bounds. Another open problem in the context of FDI and RFR is due to systems with multiple faults at different system's components since it is often the case where actuators and also sensors suffer from faults during the course of the system's operation. Both actuators and sensors can suffer from faults either alone, at separate times or simultaneously. The co-existence of unknown fault at both sensor(s) and actuator(s) has not been addressed in any earlier design of fault reconstruction schemes. In this Thesis, inspired by the theory of singular systems, we aim at solving this problem. A New structure for reduced-order unknown input observers (UIOs) with application to chaotic communication and sensor fault reconstruction is also proposed.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Horacio J. Marquez, Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Mahdi Tavakoli, Electrical and Computer Engineering
    • Jong Min Lee, Chemical and Materials Engineering
    • Qing Zhao, Electrical and Computer Engineering
    • Qiong (Christine)Wu, Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Manitoba