Language learning in pubs, tea rooms and other non-formal settings

  • Author / Creator
    Mannette, Antonia
  • This thesis examines the learning of Manx Gaelic by adults in non-formal settings on the Isle of Man. Using a participant observation method of ethnographic research conducted in 2010, 19 interviews were conducted with learners, 5 with instructors and several classes and conversation groups were recorded. The data collected revealed users of the language have varied reasons for learning Manx, and face obstacles in terms of commitment and opportunity for language use outside of the non-formal settings in which it is learned. Further interviews with instructors revealed obstacles in terms of funding, support and the development of appropriate materials for long-term language use by learners. Using prevailing frameworks concerning the continuation of endangered languages as well as non-formal teaching strategies, we can determine to some degree the needs of adult Manx learners and instructors, in terms of programme development. Finally, I propose that fostering an attitude of lifelong learning both in non-formal teaching as well as at the community level, are conducive to developing adult Manx language acquisition.

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  • Degree
    Master of Arts
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    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.