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Stray loss analysis of AC machines using time-stepped finite elements

  • Author / Creator
    Zhan, Yang
  • This thesis investigates stray losses in AC machines using the time-stepped finite element technique. Two aspects of this topic are involved in this thesis. The first aspect is to construct a finite element model for AC machine systems and develop an efficient numerical solution for the system equation; as the emphasis of this thesis, the second aspect is use the above model to analyze stray losses in AC machines under a variety of operation, design and manufacturing conditions. The thesis modifies the traditional 2-D finite element technique to account for the variations in electromagnetic field along the machine’s axis resulting from skewed structures, rotor interbar currents and ventilation ducts. Domain decomposition and parallel computation are incorporated to efficiently give a numerical solution to the system equation. The factors affecting harmonic stray losses in AC machines including pulse width modulation (PWM) supply, interbar resistance and slot shape are investigated using the above efficient analysis tool. Simulations and tests under different load conditions are carried out for an induction motor to investigate the additional harmonic stray loss caused by the PWM supply. For a large synchronous generator, simulations and tests are performed to study the effect of different amortisseur interbar resistances on the slot harmonic contents and the resulting harmonic stray loss in the amorisseur cage. As a factor influential to magnet stray loss in permanent magnet synchronous machines, various slot shape designs are assessed by simulations. An optimization based on an evolutionary strategy is implemented to find the best slot shape design with minimum machine loss. The conclusions in the thesis provide valued information to direct the future design and manufacture of efficient AC machines.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2010-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3JW5P
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Doctoral
  • Department
    • Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Andrew M. Knight (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Narayan Kar (Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Windsor)
    • John Salmon (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
    • Roger Toogood (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Marek Reformat (Electrical and Computer Engineering)