Children’s and Fathers’ Perceptions of Fathers’ Use of Structure, Negative Control, and Autonomy Support

  • Author / Creator
    Funamoto, Allyson
  • The current study investigated fathers’ and children’s perspectives of fathers’ use of structure, negative control, and autonomy support parenting behaviours in relation to children’s internalizing, externalizing, and adaptive behaviours, and father-child attachment. Researchers interviewed 55 children (34 boys; 75% Canadian/Caucasian) between the ages of 5 and 12 years old and their fathers using hypothetical scenarios about their daily interactions (e.g., completing chores, doing homework). Children completed verbal questionnaires about their attachment security with their father (i.e., Security Scale, Kerns et al., 1996), and fathers completed a questionnaire on the daily functioning of their child (i.e., the Behavior Assessment System for Children, Second Edition, BASC-2; Reynolds & Kamphaus, 2004). Transcripts of the interviews were coded on a scale from 1 (absent / never / very low) to 4 (several / frequent / high) for the quality and presence of three parenting behaviours (i.e., structure, negative control, and autonomy support). Results from the current study suggest that fathers’ perceptions of their use of autonomy support predicted a decrease in externalizing behaviours in children, F(1, 53) = 4.7, p = .035, R2 = .08, and an increase in children’s adaptive behaviours, F(1,53) = 4.19, p = .046, R2 = .07. Father-child attachment was not found to have a moderating effect on children’s functioning through parenting behaviours. Results are discussed in the context of the emerging literature on fathers’ parenting in relation to children’s functioning.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Spring 2017
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
  • Specialization
    • School and Clinical Child Psychology
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • McInnes, Alison (Educational Psychology)
    • Buck, George (Educational Psychology)
    • Rempel, Gwendolyn (Athabasca University)
    • Howe, Nina (Concordia University)
    • Tardif-Williams, Christine (Brock University)