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A body composition model to estimate mammalian energy stores and metabolic rates from body mass and body length, with application to polar bearsDownload
Many species experience large fluctuations in food availability and depend on energy from fat and protein stores for survival, reproduction and growth. Body condition and, more specifically, energy stores thus constitute key variables in the life history of many species. Several indices exist to...
The Na+/H+ exchanger isoform 1 (NHE1) is the predominant isoform in mammalian cells, and regulates intracellular pH and ion concentrations. NHE1 also interacts with numerous proteins and signalling pathways. Consequently, it has been found to influence cell volume, growth, differentiation, and...
Characterization, Structure and Mechanism of Sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase (SQR) from Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidansDownload
A key enzyme in maintaining sulfide homeostasis is the membrane-associated flavoenzyme sulfide:quinone oxidoreductase (SQR) found in nearly all domains of life (except plants). SQR maintains a critical equilibrium between sulfide (H2S, HS- and S2-) and elemental sulfur (S0), coupling the...
Children’s and Fathers’ Perceptions of Fathers’ Use of Structure, Negative Control, and Autonomy SupportDownload
The current study investigated fathers’ and children’s perspectives of fathers’ use of structure, negative control, and autonomy support parenting behaviours in relation to children’s internalizing, externalizing, and adaptive behaviours, and father-child attachment. Researchers interviewed 55...
A study was conducted to evaluate the properties and processes influencing the rate and magnitude of volume decrease and strength gain for oil sand fine tailings resulting from a change in bitumen extraction process (caustic versus non-caustic) and the effect of adding a coagulant to caustic fine...
Over the past fifteen years, a rich program of research has emerged among scholars interested in the role of categories within fields and industries. In this context, studies have shown that categories shape organizational and market processes by grouping firms and products in ways that convey...
Sperling, Felix A. H., Murray, Brent W., Li, Yisu, Coltman, David W., Bohlmann, Joerg, Janes, Jasmine K., Cooke, Janice E. K., Boone, Celia K., Huber, Dezene P.W., Keeling, Christopher I., Yuen, Macaire M. S.
The mountain pine beetle (MPB; Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins), a major pine forest pest native to western North America, has extended its range north and eastward during an ongoing outbreak. Determining how the MPB has expanded its range to breach putative barriers, whether physical...
A fine balance between contraction and relaxation is crucial for the heart to function properly. But often the heart cannot contract with enough force to meet the demands of the body. This condition, called systolic heart failure, is the leading cause of death in the modern society. A common...
Previous studies of the grey wolf (Canis lupus) using microsatellites have showed strong population structure despite the high mobility of individuals. I re-assessed the structure of North American grey wolves by genotyping 132 wolves at a genome-wide set of >26 000 single nucleotide...
Thuricin CD, a two-component bacteriocin produced by Bacillus thuringiensis DPC 6431, exhibits potent activity against the hospital superbug Clostridium difficile ribotype O27. The two peptides (Trn-α and Trn-β) that constitute thuricin CD operate synergistically to kill sensitive bacteria at...