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Assessments of novel transgenic germplasm and treatment with the phytohormone cytokinin for reducing feeding damage by flea beetles, Phyllotreta spp. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in canola

  • Author / Creator
    Sultani, Ali Sina
  • Flea beetles [Phyllotreta cruciferae (Goeze) and Phyllotreta striolata (Fabricius)] (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) pose significant threats to early canola seedling establishment. The resistance potential of transgenic Brassica napus expressing cDNA encoding pea PR10.1 and 10.4 (ABR17) in Westar and DH19 backgrounds, respectively, was investigated. In addition, the effects of treatments with different concentrations of the cytokinin 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) and with Helix® (thiamethoxam insecticide) on flea beetle tolerance were investigated. Our results indicate that transgenic lines expressing PR10.1 and PR10.4 suffered the least damage from P. cruciferae when compared with Helix®-treated doubled haploid or Westar genotypes, while cytokinin treatments conferred some tolerance. P. striolata experiments demonstrated that insecticide treatments were most effective for reducing damage. Helix® treatments displayed the most significant beetle mortality while neither PR10.1, PR10.4 nor cytokinin treatments demonstrated insecticidal activity. Proteomic analysis revealed significant increases in abundance of some proteins including protease inhibitors in ABR17 seedlings damaged by herbivory.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2011-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3JS8S
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Dr. Nat Kav, Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences
    • Dr. Lloyd Dosdall, Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Dr. Michael Deyholos, Department of Biological Sciences