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Techno-economic Assessment of Charcoal Production for Carbon Sequestration

  • Author / Creator
    Thakkar, Jignesh A
  • Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission is one of the important environmental issues that world is facing today. Biomass usage, specifically capturing energy from biomass that would otherwise decay, is one the of many options available to mitigate the impact of the buildup of GHG emissions from fossil fuel utilization. This research investigates the pathway of utilization of agricultural biomass (e.g. straw) for charcoal production and its landfilling for sequestration of carbon. This pathway can help in increasing the rate of carbon sequestration. Charcoal is a solid fuel, which can be produced from agricultural biomass such as wheat and barley straw. It is an organic solid and can be produced by slow pyrolysis of straw. This research involves a conceptual techno-economic study to estimate the cost of production of charcoal from straw in a centralized plant and its storage in a landfill to sequester carbon. This study draws on actual data to determine the cost of charcoal production. The cost of production of charcoal from straw in a centralized system with nutrient replacement cost and its landfilling cost is $332.2/tonne of charcoal. The life cycle GHG emission for this pathway is 0.372 tonne of CO2/tonne of charcoal produced. Based on the cost of production and landfilling of charcoal and the GHG emissions in this pathway, the cost of carbon sequestration is about $129.88/tonne of CO2. This is higher than the biomass based electricity generation pathway but lower than some estimates of carbon capture and storage technologies for carbon sequestration.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3R661
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Mechanical Engineering
  • Specialization
    • Engineering Management
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Kumar, Amit (Mechanical Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Ma, Yongsheng (Mechanical Engineering)
    • Li, Yunwei (Electrical and Computer Engineering)