Compact and accurate hardware simulation of wireless channels for single and multiple antenna systems

  • Author / Creator
    Fouladi Fard, Saeed
  • The accurate simulation of wireless channels is important since it permits the realistic and repeatable performance measurement of wireless systems. While software simulation is a flexible method for testing hardware models, its long-running simulation time can be prohibitive in many scenarios. Prior to the availability of accurate and standardized channel models, wireless products needed to be verified using extensive and expensive field testing. A far less costly approach is to model the behavior of radio channels on a hardware simulator. Different channel characteristics should be considered to ensure the faithful simulation of wireless propagation. Among the most important characteristics are the path-loss behavior, Doppler frequency, delay distribution, fading distribution, and time, frequency, and space correlation between fading samples across different antennas. Various fading channel models have been proposed for propagation modeling in different scenarios. A good homogeneous field programmable gate array (FPGA) fading simulator needs to accurately reproduce the propagation effects, yet it also needs to be compact and fast to be effectively used for rapid hardware prototyping and simulation. In this thesis, new channel models are proposed for the compact FPGA implementation of fading channel simulators with accurate statistics. Compact hardware implementations for physical and analytical fading channel models are proposed that can simulate fading channels with more than one thousand paths on a single FPGA. We also propose design techniques for accurate and compact statistical fading channel simulation of isotropic and non-isotropic scattering in Rayleigh, Rician, Nakagami-m, and Weibull fading channels. Compact FPGA implementations are presented for multiple-antenna fading simulators for geometric one-ring models, two-ring models, elliptical models, and analytical models including the i.i.d. model, and Kronecker, Weichselberger, and VCR channel models. Finally, a fading simulation and bit error performance evaluation platform is proposed for the rapid baseband prototyping and verification of single- and multiple-antenna wireless systems.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Fall 2009
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.