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Activation of Na+/H+ exchanger-directed protein kinases in the ischemic and ischemic-reperfused rat myocardium

  • Author(s) / Creator(s)
  • The activity of the Na+/H+ exchanger has been implicated as an important contributing factor in damage to the myocardium that occurs during ischemia and reperfusion. We examined regulation of the protein in ischemic and reperfused isolated hearts and isolated ventricular myocytes. In isolated myocytes, extracellular signal-regulated kinases were important in regulating activity of the exchanger after recovery from ischemia. Ischemia followed by reperfusion caused a strong inhibitory effect on NHE1 activity that abated with continued reperfusion. Four major protein kinases of size 90, 55, 44, and 40 kDa phosphorylated the Na+/H+ exchanger. The Na+/H+ exchanger-directed kinases demonstrated dramatic increases in activity of 2–10-fold that was induced by 3 different models of ischemia and reperfusion in intact hearts and isolated myocytes. p90rsk was identified as the 90-kDa protein kinase activated by ischemia and reperfusion while ERK1/2 was identified as accounting for some of the 44-kDa protein kinase phosphorylating the Na+/H+ exchanger. The results demonstrate that MAPK-dependent pathways including p90rsk and ERK1/2 and are important in regulating the Na+/H+ exchanger and show their dramatic increase in activity toward the Na+/H+exchanger during ischemia and reperfusion of the myocardium. They also show that ischemia followed by reperfusion have important inhibitory effects on Na+/H+ exchanger activity.

  • Date created
    2001-01-01
  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Type of Item
    Article (Published)
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/r3-3q21-zz71
  • License
    Attribution 4.0 International
  • Language
  • Citation for previous publication
    • Moor, Andrea N., Gan, Xiaohong Tracey, Karmazyn, Morris, & Fliegel, Larry. (2001). Activation of Na+/H+ exchanger-directed protein kinases in the ischemic and ischemic-reperfused rat myocardium. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 276(19), 16113-16122. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M100519200
  • Link to related item
    https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M100519200