Characterization of a novel model of intestinal lipoprotein overproduction and the impact of N-3 PUFA supplementation

  • Author / Creator
    Hassanali, Zahra
  • Overproduction of intestinal chylomicrons (CM) has been proposed to contribute to fasting and post-prandial (PP) dyslipidemia and may accelerate the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) during obesity, insulin resistance (IR) and diabetes. However, the impact of morphological changes in intestinal mucosa structure have not been investigated during IR and intestinal dyslipidemia. The first objective of this thesis was to characterize intestinal villi morphology and to determine whether a morphological relationship exists with enterocytic apoB48 (a marker of CM), and intestinal lymph secretion of apoB48 in the obese and IR JCR:LA-cp rat. The second objective was to assess the impact of n-3 PUFA supplementation on PP dyslipidemia in the JCR:LA-cp rat. Intestinal hypertrophy was observed in IR rats, corresponding to an increase in intestinal and lymphatic apoB48 expression. Further, a dietary intervention of n-3 PUFA showed lower PP plasma concentrations of apoB48 and PP plasma inflammatory markers. We conclude that intestinal hypertrophy may contribute to intestinal CM overproduction during obesity and IR. Additionally, dietary n-3 PUFA improves PP lipemia and the associated PP inflammatory response in the JCR:LA-cp rat model.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Proctor, Spencer (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Cheeseman, Chris (Physiology)
    • Vine, Donna (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)