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Role of Glutamate and GABA in a mouse model expressing mutant human APP in the absence of NPC1 protein

  • Author / Creator
    Ghoshal, Bibaswan
  • Cholesterol plays a critical role in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) pathogenesis, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. To address this issue we have generated a line of ANPC transgenic mice that overexpress mutant-human amyloid precursor protein in the absence of cholesterol transporting Niemann Pick-type C1 protein. These mice display accelerated AD-related pathology compared to age-matched littermates. To define significance of GABA and glutamate in AD, we evaluated alterations of these systems in ANPC mice at different age groups. The levels of glutamate and GABA were not unaltered in ANPC mice compared to other lines. However, levels of vesicular glutamate transporter 1 (i.e. VGLUT1), and expression of VGLUT1 and VGLUT2 appeared to be decreased in ANPC mice. The levels/distribution of glutamic acid decarboxylase 67 (i.e. GAD67) but not GAD65 were also decreased in the cerebellum of ANPC mice. Thus, cholesterol accumulation influences AD-related pathology and triggers subtle alterations in brain neurotransmitter system.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R39W3R
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Psychiatry
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Kar, Satyabrata (Psychiatry)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • LeMelledo, Jean-Michel (Psychiatry)
    • Kerr, Bradley (Pharmacology)
    • Baker, Glen (Psychiatry)