Syncrude Lease No. 17: An archaeological survey

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  • During project planning, Syncrude Canada Ltd. became concerned for possible archaeological resources which might be endangered by its development in Athabasca Tar Sands Lease #17. Proposals were solicited by Syncrude for assistance in conducting a survey of the Lease #17 area to determine its archaeological site potential. In line with their environmental baseline studies, Syncrude accepted a research proposal and funded a field project to that end. The report contained herein embodies background information from the original research proposal and the subsequent findings of the archaeological survey project. Included are statements of both the method and theory employed in the research. All reported archaeological finds in the Boreal Mixedwood Ecosystem of Alberta and pertinent ethnohistorical and ethnographic literature concerning Native Groups of the general region are reviewed. In preparation for the survey, a system was formulated whereby Lease #17 could be divided into a number of priority areas according to their archaeological potential. To define these priority areas, it became necessary to first make an appraisal of the human carrying capacity of the area employing existing environmental data. In summary, the artifact sample from Lease #17 shows that a variety of stone materials were available and were utilized. Tools were apparently roughed out at a quarry site and then transported to camp sites for finishing. The edge angles of worn artifacts indicates that the tools had a variety of uses. The scarcity of projectile points may be due to the use of perishable bone and antler for these tools.

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    Conditions of Use Syncrude Canada Ltd, 1973. Syncrude Lease No. 17: An archaeological survey. Syncrude Canada Ltd., Edmonton, Alberta. Ecological Research Monograph 1973-4. 98 pp. Permission for non-commercial use, publication or presentation of excerpts or figures is granted, provided appropriate attribution (as above) is cited. Commercial reproduction, in whole or in part, is not permitted without prior written consent. The use of these materials by the end user is done without any affiliation with or endorsement by Syncrude Canada Ltd. Reliance upon the end user's use of these materials is at the sole risk of the end user.