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Competition between Private Label and National Brand for Differentiated Food Category: A Canadian Retail Case

  • Author / Creator
    Ying, Xiongwei
  • Retailers in Canada have introduced private labels to gain vertical bargaining power over manufacturers’ national brands and to establish customer loyalty. Product differentiation in quality and increasingly product formulation is an emerging trend for both private labels and national brands in many grocery categories. This thesis applies a model derived from a random utility nested logit model to estimate structural demand for differentiated canned soup products. Using a Distance-Matrix (DM) approach we identify the location of both private labels and national brands in the ingredient attribute space within the canned soup category. To empirically estimate and test the effects of private label usage on the competitive interactions between retailers and manufacturers, we estimate supply-side Cost-Price Margin (CPM) equations. Our results strongly suggest that retailers’ private label is acting as an effective strategic tool to generate market power over upstream manufacturers.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3HH6CF0B
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology
  • Specialization
    • Agricultural and Resource Economics
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Marcoul, Philippe (Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology)
    • Anders, Sven (Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Rude, James (Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology)
    • Marchand, Joseph (Economics)