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DIETARY INTAKE IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENT WITH CELIAC DISEASE ON GLUTEN FREE DIET

  • Author / Creator
    Al-Thobaity, Najla'a
  • Celiac disease (CD), a gastrointestinal disorder caused by immunological reaction to gluten, can only be treated by a gluten-free diet (GFD). The purpose of this study was to assess the diet of children with CD. Twenty-five children with CD on GFD and twenty-three children with chronic gastrointestinal disorders were evaluated using 24-hour recalls and a food frequency questionnaire. Protein intake was significantly higher among CD patients. None of the CD patients met the recommended intake for vitamin D. The intake of calcium, folate and fiber was below the recommendations in most CD patients. However, the intake of vitamin D and calcium improved after supplementation. Most met vitamin B12 requirement, and 50% met the iron requirement. The intake of saturated fat was high in 50% of the CD patients, while the intake of total sugar was within the recommended limit. These findings have implications for dietary counseling for pediatric CD patients

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2013-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R32N4ZV29
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
  • Specialization
    • Nutrition and Metabolism
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Mager, Diana ( Agricultural, Food & Nutritional Science)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Turner, Justine (Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition )
    • Chan, Catherine ( Agricultural, Food & Nutritional Science)
    • Bell, Rhonda ( Agricultural, Food & Nutritional Science)