Examining the origin of peripheral self-reactive T cells and the contribution of Gadd45beta to T cell selection events in the HYcd4 TCR transgenic mouse model

  • Author / Creator
    Kelly, Stephanie Alicia Wilhelmina
  • Thymic negative selection is important for preventing self-reactive T cells from
    entering the circulation. However, some self-reactive T cell clones can escape
    negative selection and induce autoimmunity. The molecular pathways that
    regulate negative selection are currently unclear, but PD-1 and Gadd45β have
    been implicated. Using the HYcd4 mouse model, we found an absence of self-reactive CD8SP thymocytes, but the presence of self-reactive T cells in the
    periphery in adult mice. Ontogeny studies demonstrated the presence of self-specific
    DP and CD8+ T cells in the periphery at Day 3 post-birth that expressed
    the co-inhibitory receptor PD-1. The presence of self-reactive T cells was not
    dependent on negative selection occurring in a neonatal thymus. By studying
    Gadd45β deficient mice, no evidence was found to support a role for Gadd45β in
    negative selection. Collectively, these data shed light on the source of self-reactive
    peripheral T cells and the molecular mechanism underlying negative

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    Spring 2014
  • Type of Item
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.