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Direct simulations of spherical particle motion in non-Newtonian liquids

  • Author / Creator
    Prashant, .
  • The present work deals with the development of a direct simulation strategy for solving the motion of spherical particles in non-Newtonian liquids. The purely viscous (non-elastic) non-Newtonian liquids are described by Bingham and thixotropy models. Validation of the strategy is performed for single phase (lid driven cavity flow) and two phase flows(sphere sedimentation). Lid driven cavity flow results illustrate the flow evolution of thixotropic liquid and subtle differences between thixotropic rheology and pseudo Bingham rheology. Single sphere sedimentation in Bingham liquid is shown to be influenced by the yield stress of the liquid. Time-dependent properties such as aging prominently affect the settling of a sphere in thixotropic liquid. The hydrodynamic interactions between two spheres are also studied at low and moderate Reynolds numbers. In thixotropic liquid, an intriguing phenomenon is observed where the separation distance between the spheres first increases and then rapidly decreases.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2009-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3H65G
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Derksen, Jos (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Semagina, Natalia (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Sanders, Sean (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
    • Lange, Carlos F. (Mechanical Engineering)