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Identification of Signaling Pathways Dysregulated during Scrapie Pathogenesis using a Kinomics Approach

  • Author / Creator
    Shott, Rory H
  • Prion diseases are a family of chronic lethal neurodegenerative diseases that affect humans and animals. The conversion of the cellular prion protein (PrPC) to abnormal conformations (PrPSc) is accepted to be required for pathogenesis. However, the molecular mechanisms whereby PrP conversion ultimately results in neuronal death remains poorly understood. Reversible protein phosphorylation by protein kinases and phosphatases regulates signal transduction. Dysregulated protein kinases are involved in the pathogenesis of many chronic diseases, including the neurodegenerative Alzheimer's and Parkinson’s diseases. Consequently, protein kinases have become major therapeutic targets. Protein kinases are also involved in prion disease pathogenesis. However, the signaling pathways most critical to pathogenesis are yet unknown. In this thesis, I describe the development of a multiplex Western blot-based kinomics approach to identify signaling pathways dysregulated during prion disease pathogenesis. This approach was validated using an in vitro model of prion pathogenesis, N2a neuroblastoma cells expressing cytoplasmic PrP mutants. The application of the kinomics approach to an in vivo model, mice infected with scrapie, revealed the dysregulation of two signaling pathways involved in neuronal survival or death at different times after infection. The pro-survival CaMK4β/CREB signaling pathway was activated at pre-clinical stages, but returned to mock-infected levels prior to the onset of clinical disease and the activation of pro-death MST1 signaling. My discovery that CaMK4β/CREB and MST1 signaling is dysregulated in mice infected with scrapie expands our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of prion-mediated neuronal death and identifies potential targets to further evaluate the roles of these pathways in prion disease pathogenesis.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2017-06
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Doctor of Philosophy
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R3WP9TK18
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Doctoral
  • Department
    • Department of Biochemistry
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Schang, Luis M (Biochemistry)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Napper, Scott (Biochemistry, University of Saskatchewan)
    • Holmes, Charles (Biochemistry)
    • Aiken, Judd (Centre for Prions and Protein Folding Diseases)
    • Westaway, David (Centre for Prions and Protein Folding Diseases)