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Ganglioside Increases Metastatic Potential and Susceptibility of Prostate Cancer to Gene Therapy in vitro

  • Author / Creator
    Miklavcic, John
  • Prostate cancer (CaP) is the 2nd most common cancer in North American men. Tumour management strategies are appropriate for early stage disease, but advanced disease has a poor prognosis and requires prompt treatment. Therefore, research into delay of tumour progression and efficacious treatment of aggressive cancer are of interest. Ganglioside was assessed for its role in altering markers of metastatic potential and susceptibility of CaP to adenovirus-mediated gene therapy. Healthy (RWPE-1) and malignant (DU-145, PC-3) prostate cells were cultured with or without mixed ganglioside. Differences in growth, ganglioside and integrin densities, and adenoviral infectivity were assessed between treatment and control groups. Ganglioside decreased (p<0.01) growth of PC-3 cells relative to untreated control. Ganglioside decreased (p<0.01) GD1a and increased (p<0.04) integrin densities in malignant prostate cells, suggesting ganglioside may increase metastatic potential of CaP. Ganglioside significantly increased adenovirus entry in PC-3 cells, thereby improving susceptibility of CaP to adenovirus-mediated gene therapy.

  • Subjects / Keywords
  • Graduation date
    2009-11
  • Type of Item
    Thesis
  • Degree
    Master of Science
  • DOI
    https://doi.org/10.7939/R33M2R
  • License
    This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for non-commercial purposes. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
  • Language
    English
  • Institution
    University of Alberta
  • Degree level
    Master's
  • Department
    • Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science
  • Supervisor / co-supervisor and their department(s)
    • Clandinin, M Tom (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
  • Examining committee members and their departments
    • Clandinin, M Tom (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
    • Mazurak, Vera C (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
    • Hitt, Mary M (Experimental Oncology)