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Language learning in pubs, tea rooms and other non-formal settings Open Access


Other title
Language, Revitalisation, Gaelic, Manx
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Mannette, Antonia
Supervisor and department
Daveluy, Michelle (Anthropology)
Examining committee member and department
Forth, Gregory (Anthropology)
Maheux-Pelletier, Genevieve (Modern Languages)
Department of Anthropology

Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Arts
Degree level
This thesis examines the learning of Manx Gaelic by adults in non-formal settings on the Isle of Man. Using a participant observation method of ethnographic research conducted in 2010, 19 interviews were conducted with learners, 5 with instructors and several classes and conversation groups were recorded. The data collected revealed users of the language have varied reasons for learning Manx, and face obstacles in terms of commitment and opportunity for language use outside of the non-formal settings in which it is learned. Further interviews with instructors revealed obstacles in terms of funding, support and the development of appropriate materials for long-term language use by learners. Using prevailing frameworks concerning the continuation of endangered languages as well as non-formal teaching strategies, we can determine to some degree the needs of adult Manx learners and instructors, in terms of programme development. Finally, I propose that fostering an attitude of lifelong learning both in non-formal teaching as well as at the community level, are conducive to developing adult Manx language acquisition.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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