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Study on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Submerged Arc Welded X80 Steel Open Access


Other title
Not Applicable
Submerged Arc Welding
X80 Steel
Mechanical Properties
Microalloyed Steel
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Zakaria, Syed Md
Supervisor and department
Dr. Hani Henein, Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
Dr. Douglas Ivey, Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
Examining committee member and department
Dr. Ken Cadien, Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering
Materials Engineering
Date accepted
Graduation date

Degree level
It is difficult to join high strength alloy steel which are produced by thermo mechanical controlled processing and get overmatched properties on the welds and heat affected zone (HAZ) when submerged arc welding (SAW) is used as joining process. Circumferential welds made in the mill to join shorter pipes into longer lengths generally employ SAW as this process offers excellent production rate. In this study two types of X80 steel plates (both 10.22 mm thick) with different carbon contents (0.06 wt% C versus 0.03 wt% C) were used. SAW was used to join the steel plates using varying heat inputs (from 1.5 to 2.25 kJ/mm) by varying the current. Charpy V-notch (CVN) results indicate that the higher carbon steel welds have better HAZ toughness than those with the lower carbon steel at all test temperatures (from 22 to -60ºC). At higher temperatures the mode of fracture was found to be ductile in nature, whereas at lower temperatures (close to -40ºC) both ductile and brittle behaviour were observed. Hardness results indicate that there is initial softening in the fine grain heat affected zone (FGHAZ) regions and hardening occurs predominantly in the coarse grain heat affected zone (CGHAZ) regions. Also, both steels demonstrate comparable results in that hardness in the HAZ decreases as the heat input increases. The transverse weld tensile specimens gave a good indication of ultimate strength; however, the degree of overmatching could not be resolved using transverse weld tensile testing, because of the limitation in measuring tensile properties of smaller individual regions (weld metal, CGHAZ and FGHAZ).
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