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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3RV0DD71

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Campylobacter jejuni colonization is associated with a dysbiosis in the cecal microbiota of mice in the absence of prominent inflammation Open Access

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Author or creator
Lone, Abdul
Selinger, L. Brent
Uwiera, Richard R. E.
Xu, Yong
Inglis, G. Douglas
Additional contributors
Subject/Keyword
Toll-Like Receptors
Microbiome
Gastrointestinal Tract
Campylobacter jejuni
Cytokines
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Bacteria
Cecum
Type of item
Journal Article (Published)
Language
English
Place
Time
Description
Background Campylobacter jejuni causes enterocolitis in humans, but does not incite disease in asymptomatic carrier animals. To survive in the intestine, C. jejuni must successfully compete with the microbiota and overcome the host immune defense. Campylobacter jejuni colonization success varies considerably amongst individual mice, and we examined the degree to which the intestinal microbiota was affected in mice (i.e. a model carrier animal) colonized by C. jejuni at high relative to low densities. Methods Mice were inoculated with C. jejuni or buffer, and pathogen shedding and intestinal colonization were measured. Histopathologic scoring and quantification of mRNA expression for α-defensins, toll-like receptors, and cytokine genes were conducted. Mucosa-associated bacterial communities were characterized by two approaches: multiplexed barcoded pyrosequencing and terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Results Two C. jejuni treatments were established based on the degree of cecal and colonic colonization; C. jejuni Group A animals were colonized at high cell densities, and C. jejuni Group B animals were colonized at lower cell densities. Histological examination of cecal and colonic tissues indicated that C. jejuni did not incite visible pathologic changes. Although there was no significant difference among treatments in expression of mRNA for α-defensins, toll-like receptors, or cytokine genes, a trend for increased expression of toll-like receptors and cytokine genes was observed for C. jejuni Group A. The results of the two methods to characterize bacterial communities indicated that the composition of the cecal microbiota of C. jejuni Group A mice differed significantly from C. jejuni Group B and Control mice. This difference was due to a reduction in load, diversity and richness of bacteria associated with the cecal mucosa of C. jejuni Group A mice. Conclusions High density colonization by C. jejuni is associated with a dysbiosis in the cecal microbiota independent of prominent inflammation.
Date created
2013
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3RV0DD71
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Attribution 4.0 International
Citation for previous publication
Lone, A., Selinger, L. B., Uwiera, R. R. E., Xu, Y., & Inglis, G. D. (2013). Campylobacter jejuni colonization is associated with a dysbiosis in the cecal microbiota of mice in the absence of prominent inflammation. PLoS ONE, 8(9), e75325 [15 pages].  http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075325

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